The Leisure-Noise Dilemma: Hearing Loss or Hearsay? What Does the Literature Tell Us?

@article{Carter2014TheLD,
  title={The Leisure-Noise Dilemma: Hearing Loss or Hearsay? What Does the Literature Tell Us?},
  author={Lyndal Carter and Warwick Williams and Deborah A Black and Anita Bundy},
  journal={Ear and Hearing},
  year={2014},
  volume={35},
  pages={491–505}
}
The authors undertook a review of the literature, focussing on publications describing the following: (1) Pure tone threshold data for adolescents/young adults; (2) Measurements/estimates of noise exposure from leisure activities; and (3) The relationship between hearing threshold levels (HTLs) and leisure-noise exposure. There is a large volume of published materials relevant to these topics, and opinion among authors regarding the relationship between leisure-noise exposure and HTLs varies… 
The implications of leisure noise for young people with hearing impairment.
The authors undertook a review of the literature, focusing on publications describing the following: 1) Pure tone threshold data for adolescents/young adults; 2) Measurements/estimates of noise
More to Lose? Noise-Risk Perceptions of Young Adults with Hearing Impairment.
TLDR
Most participants with HI and NH regarded leisure noise as a health hazard but rated their own noise-injury risk as lower than that of their peer group, and the use of PHPs was low overall, and many participants withHI reported using hearing aids during noisy leisure activities.
Hearing in young adults. Part II: The effects of recreational noise exposure
TLDR
There were no significant differences in hearing between groups with low, intermediate, and high recreational noise exposure, Nevertheless, a long-term assessment of young adults′ hearing in relation to recreational noise Exposure is needed.
Hearing and leisure noise
TLDR
No correlation was found between cumulative life time noise exposure and audiometric PTA or OAE parameters, however, tinnitus was found to frequently occur at what would be considered as low exposure levels.
Parent Perceptions of Children's Leisure and the Risk of Damaging Noise Exposure†
TLDR
Parents may benefit from support in identifying and managing concerns about the impact of hearing impairment on their children's leisure participation and how comfortable parents felt endorsing their child's participation in a range of everyday leisure activities, some which may involve noise exposure.
Leisure Noise Exposure and Associated Health-Risk Behavior in Adolescents: An Explanatory Study among Two Different Educational Programs in Flanders
TLDR
The most important hearing-related symptoms after noise exposure were tinnitus and noise sensitivity, and listening to PMPs was most frequently reported with regard to leisure noise exposure.
Listening Effort Measured Using a Dual-task Paradigm in Adults With Different Amounts of Noise Exposure
TLDR
This study is a first exploration of the effects of different amounts of noise exposure on listening effort showing that, listening effort is increased in subjects with high noise exposure compared with subjects with low and medium noise exposure.
The Relevance of Leisure Noise to Hearing Threshold Shifts: A Longitudinal Analysis Among Adolescents.
TLDR
Male adolescents and those attending secondary general schools, with graduation following completion of ninth or 10th grade, had a greater likelihood of developing hearing threshold shifts and prevention programs should focus on these risk groups.
No Reliable Association Between Recreational Noise Exposure and Threshold Sensitivity, Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission Amplitude, or Word-in-Noise Performance in a College Student Population
TLDR
No reliable relationships between common recreational sound exposure or previous noise-induced changes in hearing were found during analysis of threshold sensitivity, DPOAE amplitude, or WIN performance in this cohort, which limits generalizability of the results.
The Test–Retest Reliability of Questionnaires Regarding Attitudes and Beliefs Toward Noise, Hearing Loss, and Hearing Protector Devices in Young Adults
TLDR
Reliable test–retest measurements of the YANS and BAHPHL instrument can be performed and can be used in longitudinal studies to explore young adults’ changes in attitudes toward noise, hearing loss, and hearing protection, with or without an educational intervention.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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