The Leech and the Physician: Biology, Etymology, and Medical Practice with Hirudinea medicinalis

@article{Mory2000TheLA,
  title={The Leech and the Physician: Biology, Etymology, and Medical Practice with Hirudinea medicinalis},
  author={Robert N. Mory and David P. Mindell and David Adam Bloom},
  journal={World Journal of Surgery},
  year={2000},
  volume={24},
  pages={878-883}
}
Abstract. The history of the word “leech” and the practice of leeching reveal interconnected social histories. We give the linguistic and medical histories of the word, and explore its biology and clinical history. Our historical account extends from the earliest known record of leeching to current research. Despite historical variation in its reputation as a therapeutic technique, leeching remains useful today in a number of applications. Further investigation may well disclose even more uses… 
Clinical uses of the medicinal leech: a practical review.
TLDR
This is a comprehensive review of current clinical applications of hirudotherapy, featuring a comprehensive search of all major medical search engines (i.e. PubMed, Google Scholar, ScientificCommons) and other cross-referenced sources.
Medical leech therapy in Ayurveda and biomedicine – A review
Tıbbi Sülük Terapisi (Hirudoterapi) : Derleme
TLDR
An overview of leech including the history, general characteristics and mechanisms of action of leeches, and its application as medical device is presented.
From ancient leech to direct thrombin inhibitors and beyond: New from old.
Leech Therapy (Jalaukavacharana) in Ayurveda: A Scientific Review
TLDR
Hirudotherapy or Leech therapy is an ancient bloodletting technique firstly described in Ayurveda by the name of Jalaukavacharan and has gained greater attention worldwide, because of its medicinal values.
Leeches in Medicine: Friend or Foe?
TLDR
After a brief hiatus, leeching now plays an important role in modern surgery and postoperative care, and demonstrates a promising future in the field of medicine.
Relevance of leech therapy in contemporary medicine: A mini-review
TLDR
Leech therapy is used by plastic and reconstructive surgeons for replantation of digits, salvage of failing flaps etc, and has a huge potential for future therapeutics.
Leeching in the history--a review.
TLDR
This study was designed to explore the possibility of revival of the leech therapy (leeching) which is still being used traditionally as therapeutic agent in various ailments and take up the studies on other disease on larger sample size.
The medical use of leeches in contemporary Spain: between science and tradition.
TLDR
This study analyzes the historical fluctuations of leech therapy in Spain and provides information about the medicinal use, commerce and consumption of these animals in recent years.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
The medicinal leech. A page from the annelids of internal medicine.
  • S. Adams
  • Medicine
    Annals of internal medicine
  • 1988
TLDR
The leech lost its hold on the practice of medicine in the early 20th century but recently the use of leeches has resurged in both the lay and the scientific communities.
Severe anaemia and death due to the pharyngeal leech Myxobdella africana.
Hirudins: from leeches to man.
  • R. B. Wallis
  • Biology, Medicine
    Seminars in thrombosis and hemostasis
  • 1996
TLDR
Recombinant hirudins are currently undergoing clinical trails in deep venous thrombosis and acute coronary syndrome and as an adjunct to thrombolysis in myocardial infarction and pilot trials indicate promising advantages over the currently used antithrombotic agents.
The admirable secrets of physick and chyrurgery
TLDR
One of the earliest documents of medical practice in the North American colonies is published here for the first time, compiled in 1696 by Thomas Palmer, a Massachusetts minister and medical practitioner.
Indigenous bacterial flora of medicinal leeches and their susceptibilities to 15 antimicrobial agents.
Surface bacterial flora, as well as homogenates, of medical leeches, Hirudo medicinalis and Hirudinaria manillensis, were surveyed and the susceptibility of these isolates to 15 antimicrobial agents
The use of medicinal leeches in microsurgery.
TLDR
The leech has become valuable for salvaging surgically uncorrectable venous insufficiency which is occasionally encountered after microsurgical free flap and replantation procedures.
The use of medicinal leeches in microsurgery.
  • F. Valauri
  • Medicine
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
  • 1991
TLDR
The leech has become valuable for salvaging surgically uncorrectable venous insufficiency which is occasionally encountered after microsurgical free flap and replantation procedures.
The Genuine Works of Hippocrates
  • R. Frank
  • Art
    Annals of Medical History
  • 1939
Nasal leech infestation of man.
We present a case in a male patient from Indonesia of nasal leech infestation by Dinobdella ferox that had gone unnoticed for at least three months. The possibility of leech endoparasitism should not
Phylogeny of the Euhirudinea: Independent evolution of blood feeding by leeches?
TLDR
The phylogenetic relationships of leeches were investigated by examining 22 species representative of the 10 euhirudinean familes in a cladistic analysis, finding the family Piscicolidae was found to be paraphyletic; elevating the constituent pISCicolid subfamilies to the level of family is proposed.
...
...