The Law of Non-contradiction in Aristotle’s Metaphysics: Its Foundation and Formulation

  • Biplab Kumar Halder
  • Published 2014

Abstract

The Law of Non-contradiction is one of the certain principles of thought in Aristotle’s Metaphysics. By distinguishing between science and metaphysics, he outlines the nature of metaphysics and formulates the fundamental principles of metaphysics, the science of being qua being. This distinction of science and metaphysics sets the foundation for The Law of Noncontradiction as well. In this paper, the LNC has been discussed in the light of three questions: in terms of nature, ‘how is the LNC formulated in Aristotle’s Metaphysics?’; in terms of importance, ‘why is it necessary to formulate the LNC?’ and; in terms of evaluation, ‘what is the consequences of denying the LNC?’. Aristotle considers metaphysics, a science of being qua being, as the first philosophy in which first principles of first causes are discussed. The Law of Non-contradiction (LNC for short) is one of the first principles in Aristotle’s Metaphysics. He distinguishes metaphysics from other special sciences e.g. Physics, Biology, Medicine etc. in the light of its scope and nature. These special sciences investigate being from different partial points of view. Being in these sciences is not ‘being quabeing’. For an example, being in physics is object of nature; in Medicine and Biology being is an organic entity. Aristotle thinks that only metaphysics has the sole responsibility to investigate being qua being with the first principles and causes. Special sciences are not capable of investigating being qua being for their very nature. The beginning chapters of Aristotle’s Metaphysics are devoted to establish metaphysics as a distinct science of being qua being with its primary principles. In this paper the LNC has been discussed in the light of three questions: in terms of nature, ‘how is the LNC formulated

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Halder2014TheLO, title={The Law of Non-contradiction in Aristotle’s Metaphysics: Its Foundation and Formulation}, author={Biplab Kumar Halder}, year={2014} }