The Law of Group Polarization

@article{Sunstein1999TheLO,
  title={The Law of Group Polarization},
  author={Cass R. Sunstein},
  journal={Administrative Law},
  year={1999}
}
  • C. Sunstein
  • Published 1999
  • Physics, Sociology
  • Administrative Law
In a striking empirical regularity, deliberation tends to move groups, and the individuals who compose them, toward a more extreme point in the direction indicated by their own predeliberation judgments. For example, people who are opposed to the minimum wage are likely, after talking to each other, to be still more opposed; people who tend to support gun control are likely, after discussion, to support gun control with considerable enthusiasm; people who believe that global warming is a… Expand
Group Polarization and Exogenous Preferences: Some Implications for International Relations
Group polarization, or the progressive segregation of a population into two oppositional groups, appears to be happening in parts of the Muslim world; in some places Sunni and Shia are polarizing,Expand
Conformity and Dissent
Much of the time, human beings do what others do. This is perfectly sensible, because the actions and statements of other people convey valuable information about what should be done. In addition,Expand
Solutions to Political Polarization in America: Causes and Consequences of Polarization
Rarely these days does a news cycle pass without new stories of political dysfunction in Washington, D.C. Reports of stalemates, fiscal cliffs, and failed grand bargains have begun to erode theExpand
Polarization and Publicity: Rethinking the Benefits of Deliberative Democracy
Though openness in government has obvious benefits, recent scholarship has devoted less attention to the possibility that it might also have costs. I use a formal framework to investigate the effectExpand
Do discussions in like-minded groups necessarily lead to more extreme opinions? Deliberative democracy and group polarization
In today’s society, we can easily connect with people who share our ideas and interests. A problem with this development is that political reasoning in like-minded groups easily becomes lop-sidedExpand
The Effect of Group Polarization on Opposition to Donald Trump
Using focus groups, we examined support and opposition for Donald Trump prior to the 2016 presidential election. When in-group members participate in discussion, this conversation alone typicallyExpand
Growing Geographic Polarization and the Perpetuation of the Electoral Disconnect
Author(s): Hui, Siu Wai | Advisor(s): Brady, Henry E | Abstract: Political scientists, journalists, and astute political observers agree that American political parties, at both the mass and eliteExpand
Deliberation within and across Enclaves – Opinion and Knowledge Change in an Experiment
The term ‘enclave deliberation’ was first introduced by Cass Sunstein (2002), and it is increasingly used to refer to discussion among like-minded people. The occurrence of group polarization amongExpand
Ideology, Deliberation and Persuasion within Small Groups: A Randomized Field Experiment on Fiscal Policy
This paper evaluates the dynamics of small group persuasion within a large scale randomized deliberative experiment, in particular whether persuasion in this context is driven by the ideologicalExpand
The Social Structure of Political Echo Chambers: Variation in Ideological Homophily in Online Networks
We predict that people with different political orientations will exhibit systematically different levels of political homophily, the tendency to associate with others similar to oneself in politicalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES
A Theory of Customary International Law
This article presents a theory of customary international law ("CIL") that seeks to sort out the many well-known difficulties with standard accounts of CIL. The theory uses simple game theoreticalExpand
Ethnic Norms And Their Transformation Through Reputational Cascades
  • T. Kuran
  • Economics, Mathematics
  • The Journal of Legal Studies
  • 1998
Ethnic norms are the ethnically symbolic behavioral codes that individuals must follow to retain social acceptance. They are sustained partly by sanctions that individuals impose on each other inExpand
THE ECONOMIC WAY OF LOOKING AT LIFE *
1. The Economic Approach My research uses the economic approach to analyze social issues that range beyond those usually considered by economists. This lecture will describe the approach, andExpand
Does a Helping Hand Put Others at Risk?: Affirmative Action, Police Departments, and Crime
Will increasing the number of minority and women police officers make law enforcement more effective by drawing on abilities that have gone untapped and creating better contact with communities andExpand
Assessing Punitive Damages (with Notes on Cognition and Valuation in Law)
Although legal scholars have disagreed about whether juries should be allowed to award punitive damages and about how judges should instruct them, the debate has included little discussion of jurors'Expand
A Theory of Contract Law under Conditions of Radical Judicial Error
This paper introduces an informal model of contracting where courts are assumed to be radically incompetent, that is, they are unable to determine whether a party in a contract dispute has engaged inExpand
Are Juries Less Erratic than Individuals? Deliberation, Polarization, and Punitive Damages
How does jury deliberation affect the pre-deliberation judgments of individual jurors? Do deliberating juries reduce or eliminate the erratic and unpredictable punitive damage awards that have beenExpand
Incentives and Social Capital: Are Homeowners Better Citizens?
Individuals invest in their local environments by volunteering, getting involved in local government, becoming informed about their political leaders, joining non-professional organizations and evenExpand
Private Broadcasters and the Public Interest: Notes Toward a 'Third Way'
The communications revolution has thrown into question the value of public interest obligations for television broadcasters. But the distinctive nature of this unusual market--with "winner- take-all"Expand
How Dramatically Did Women's Suffrage Change the Size and Scope of Government?
This paper examines the growth of government during this century as a result of giving women the right to vote. Using cross-sectional time-series data for 1870 to 1940, we examine state governmentExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...