The Law of Aerial Bombardment in the 1991 Gulf War

  title={The Law of Aerial Bombardment in the 1991 Gulf War},
  author={Michael W. Lewis},
  journal={American Journal of International Law},
  pages={481 - 509}
  • M. Lewis
  • Published 1 July 2003
  • Political Science
  • American Journal of International Law
I shall often go wrong through defect of judgment. When right, I shall often be thought wrong by those whose positions will not command a view of the whole ground. I ask your indulgence for my own errors, which will never be intentional, and your support against the errors of others, who may condemn what they would not if seen in all its parts. —Thomas Jefferson On August 2,1990, Iraqi forces invaded and occupied Kuwait, beginning a seven-monthlong series of events that would come to be known… 
Muddying the Waters: The Need for Precision-Guided Terminology in the DoD Law of War Manual
  • Laurie R. Blank
  • Political Science
    The United States Department of Defense Law of War Manual
  • 2019
In the midst of the chaos of war, the law of armed conflict’s principles, definitions and rules seek both to inject and to rely upon a measure of clarity and predictability. The implementation of the
XIII The Age of Lawfare
W are currently living in the age of lawfare; perhaps we always have been. The term, in its relationship to armed conflict, was most recently popularized by Major General Charles Dunlap of the US Air
Law and War in the Virtual Era
Since the first attempts by states to use law to regulate armed conflict, legal constraints have often failed to protect civilians from the adverse effects of war. Advances in military technology
Hybrid Law, Complex Battlespaces: What’s the Use of a Law of War Manual?
  • A. Sari
  • Law
    The United States Department of Defense Law of War Manual
  • 2019
The purpose of this chapter is to assess how the Department of Defense Law of War Manual approaches the relationship between the law of war and international human rights law, as seen against the
Twenty years on: International humanitarian law and the protection of civilians against the effects of cyber operations during armed conflicts
Abstract The use of cyber operations during armed conflicts and the question of how international humanitarian law (IHL) applies to such operations have developed significantly over the past two
Armed Groups and the DOD Manual: Shining a Light on Overlooked Issues
The purpose of this chapter is to examine how the Department of Defence (DoD) Law of War Manual addresses certain issues specific to armed groups operating in non-international armed conflicts. It
Why was Iraq Invaded in 2003
This research seeks to provide an analysis of why the invasion of Iraq occurred in 2003. War is not an event that emerges in isolation; therefore this research will provide an examination of the
Human Dignity in Combat: The Duty to Spare Enemy Civilians
An army attacks a neighborhood where the enemy is hiding among civilians. To what extent is the army required to expose its combatants to life-threatening risks in order to spare enemy civilians?
The nuclear taboo : the United States and the non-use of nuclear weapons since 1945
Why have nuclear weapons not been used since Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945? Nina Tannenwald disputes the conventional answer of 'deterrence' in favour of what she calls a nuclear taboo - a
International Humanitarian Law and Bombing Campaigns: Legitimate Military Objectives and Excessive Collateral Damage
This article focuses on the law which applies during armed conflicts to aerial bombardments or missiles launched from warships. In particular, the principles of distinction and proportionality are


Baghdad: The Urban Sanctuary in Desert Storm
Abstract : WITH THE EARLY morning attack on the Al Firdos (Amiriyah) shelter on 13 February, Gen Colin Powell thought that Baghdad bombing had run its course. What's the value of "making the rubble
at 395 n.34. 214 MIDDLE EAST WATCH, supra note 111, at 137-40. 216 Interview with Arkin
    MIDDLE EAST WATCH, supranote 111; see also Roger Normand & Chris af Jochnick, The Legitimation of Violence: A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War
    • 1994
    The lack of timely bomb damage assessment plagued the air campaign from the outset. 233 See the discussion of ATO changes in text at notes 164-68 supra. 234 2 GWAPS, supra note
      Interviews with Deptula, supra note 45, and Heintzelman, supra note 20; E-mail from Horner, supra note 71. 219 ATKINSON, supra note 110
        Normand &Jochnick, supra note 206
          253 Id. 254 Interviews with Heintzelman, supra note 41, and Deptula, supra note 45. 255 2 GWAPS, supra note 87
            See sources cited in note 206 supra
              The Central Intelligence Agency believed that the bunker had been used for command and control during the Iran-Iraq war as well. 221 Interview with Deptula