The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment

  title={The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment},
  author={Warren E. Johnson and Eduardo Eizirik and Jill Pecon-Slattery and William J. Murphy and Agostinho Antunes and Emma C. Teeling and Stephen J. O’Brien},
  pages={73 - 77}
Modern felid species descend from relatively recent (<11 million years ago) divergence and speciation events that produced successful predatory carnivores worldwide but that have confounded taxonomic classifications. [] Key Result A highly resolved molecular phylogeny with divergence dates for all living cat species, derived from autosomal, X-linked, Y-linked, and mitochondrial gene segments (22,789 base pairs) and 16 fossil calibrations define eight principal lineages produced through at least 10…
A genomic exploration of the early evolution of extant cats and their sabre-toothed relatives
A deep divergence within sabre-toothed cats is confirmed, and a lack of gene flow between Smilodon and contemporary Felidae is shown, indicating that some species of Pseudaelurus may be younger than the lineages they purportedly gave rise to, further supporting the hypothesis that Pseudelurus was paraphyletic.
Phylogenomic evidence for ancient hybridization in the genomes of living cats (Felidae).
The first robust felid time tree that accounts for unique maternal, paternal, and biparental evolutionary histories is presented, highlighting the mosaic origin of modern felid genomes and the influence of sex chromosomes and sex-biased dispersal in post-speciation gene flow.
Pleistocene extinction and geographic singularity explain differences in global felid ensemble structure
Recon reconstructing the hypothetical felid ensembles before Pleistocene extinctions rendered the continental felid faunas remarkably more similar to each other than they presently are, leaving their remaining, relatively minor differences to outstanding geographic singularities of each continental land mass.
Phylogeography of the Marine Otter (Lontra felina): historical and contemporary factors determining its distribution.
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA revealed the recent divergence of L. felina from L. provocax, and the role of spatial heterogeneity in shaping the distribution and population structure of the endangered marine otter, Lontra felina, is reported on.
Morphofunctional patterns in Neotropical felids: species co-existence and historical assembly
A pattern of successive invasions and speciation is found in which new lineages occupied previously vacant areas of morphospace, or new species occupied overlapping areas but with contrasting habits, which may be general among antagonistic species of historically structured guilds.
Next-Generation Museomics Disentangles One of the Largest Primate Radiations
Having produced the largest mitochondrial DNA data set from museum specimens, this work documents how NGS technologies can “unlock” museum collections, thereby helping to unravel the tree-of-life.
Genomic Signatures of Divergent Ecological Strategies in a Recent Radiation of Neotropical Wild Cats
The authors' results show that divergent ecological strategies are reflected in genomic features, for example a generalist species shows historically larger effective population size and higher heterozygosity than habitat specialists.
Comprehensive species set revealing the phylogeny and biogeography of Feliformia (Mammalia, Carnivora) based on mitochondrial DNA
The results suggest that the climate cooling during 30–27 Ma assisted Feliformia migration from the African mainland to Madagascar by creating a short-lived ice bridge across the Mozambique Channel.
Sympatric Asian felid phylogeography reveals a major Indochinese–Sundaic divergence
Results illuminate unexpected, deep vicariance events in Southeast Asian felids and provide compelling evidence of species‐level distinction between the Indochinese and Sundaic populations in the leopard cat and marbled cat.


Phylogeny and Speciation of Felids
The phylogeny of the Felidae is reconstructed using a total evidence approach combining sequences from 12S rRNA, 16S r RNA, NADH‐5, and cytochrome b genes with morphological and karyological characters, and it indicates that vicariant speciation has played a relatively minor role in the diversification of the felids.
A Molecular Phylogeny for Bats Illuminates Biogeography and the Fossil Record
The results support the hypothesis that megabats are nested among four major microbat lineages, which originated in the early Eocene, coincident with a significant global rise in temperature, increase in plant diversity and abundance, and the zenith of Tertiary insect diversity.
Patterns of Y and X chromosome DNA sequence divergence during the Felidae radiation.
The mode and tempo of evolution of noncoding sequences of a large intron within Zfy and Zfx, homologous genes located on the felid Y and X chromosomes, are compared.
Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia
  • P. Gaubert, G. Veron
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2003
The morphotype reappearance from the Asiatic to the African linsangs suggests that the genome of the Feliformia conserved its potential ability of expression for a peculiar adaptive phenotype throughout evolution, in this case arboreality and hypercarnivory in tropical forest.
Single origin of Malagasy Carnivora from an African ancestor
A multi-gene phylogenetic analysis is used to show that Malagasy carnivorans are monophyletic and thus the product of a single colonization of Madagascar by an African ancestor, and that a single event cannot explain the presence of both groups in Madagascar.
Contribution of homoplasy and of ancestral polymorphism to the evolution of genes in anthropoid primates.
Possible reasons for this high level of homoplasy in the O, M, and T lineages are discussed, and a computer simulation has been carried out to produce a model explaining the observed data.
Estimation of divergence times for major lineages of primate species.
It is advisable to concatenate many gene sequences and use a multigene gamma distance for estimating divergence times rather than using the individual gene approach, and nuclear proteins are generally more suitable than mitochondrial proteins for time estimation.
Phylogenetic assessment of introns and SINEs within the Y chromosome using the cat family felidae as a species tree.
The data suggest X-degenerate genes within the NRY are singularly powerful markers and offer a valuable patrilineal perspective in species evolution.
Plio-Pleistocene Carnivora of eastern Africa: species richness and turnover patterns
The data support the hypothesis that the modern carnivoran guild of eastern Africa originated relatively recently, mostly within the last million years, and there is no support in these data for a turnover pulse in Carnivora between 3 and 2 Mya.
Classification of mammals : above the species level
Malcolm C. McKenna and Susan K. McKenna inherited the project from Simpson and, with Bell, has constructed a completely updated hierarchical system that reflects the genealogy of Mammalia.