# The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time

@inproceedings{Hawking1974TheLS, title={The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time}, author={Stephen William Hawking and George F R Ellis}, year={1974} }

Einstein's General Theory of Relativity leads to two remarkable predictions: first, that the ultimate destiny of many massive stars is to undergo gravitational collapse and to disappear from view, leaving behind a 'black hole' in space; and secondly, that there will exist singularities in space-time itself. These singularities are places where space-time begins or ends, and the presently known laws of physics break down. They will occur inside black holes, and in the past are what might be…

## 8,323 Citations

### Stability of Vacuum in the Curved Space-Time of Relativistic Star

- Physics
- 1977

Spontaneous particle creation m the Kerr-Newman space-time is one of the most interesting effects which are derived from the quantized field theory in curved space-time.u By this effect, the…

### Spherical gravitational collapse in N dimensions

- Physics
- 2007

We investigate here spherically symmetric gravitational collapse in a space-time with an arbitrary number of dimensions and with a general type I matter field, which is a broad class that includes…

### Open universes and avoidance of the cosmological singularity

- Physics
- 2008

formulation of general relativity, are free of the cosmological singularity, in the region 3 � ! � 4 , 0 < < 2 of the parameter space. In the present paper we give conclusive arguments pointing at…

### Theories of Space-Time in Modern Physics

- PhysicsSynthese
- 2004

The main purpose of this article is to show the great significance of space-time geometry in predetermining the laws which are supposed to govern the behaviour of matter, and to support the thesis that matter itself can be built from geometry, in the sense that particles of matter as well as the other forces of nature emerges in the same way that gravity emerges from geometry.

### The cosmological constant problem and gravity in the infrared

- Physics
- 2016

In this thesis we explore low energy extensions of Einstein's theory of General Relativity (GR). Initially our motivation will be the cosmological constant problem where large radiative corrections…

### Theoretical and phenomenological aspects of non-singular black holes

- Physics
- 2018

The issue of singularities in General Relativity dates back to the very first solution to the equations of the theory, namely Schwarzschild's 1915 black hole. Whether they be of coordinate or…

### Is general relativity ‘essentially understood’?

- Physics
- 2005

The content of Einstein's theory of gravitation is encoded in the properties of the solutions to his field equations. There has been obtained a wealth of information about these solutions in the…

### The Geometry of Spacetime and its Singular Nature

- Mathematics
- 2016

One hundred years ago, Albert Einstein revolutionized our understanding of gravity, and thus the large-scale structure of spacetime, by implementing differential geometry as the primary medium of its…

### Where Does the Physics of Extreme Gravitational Collapse Reside

- Physics
- 2015

The gravitational collapse of massive stars serves to manifest the most severe deviations of general relativity with respect to Newtonian gravity: the formation of horizons and spacetime…

### Beyond General Relativity: Modified Theories and Non-Singular Black Holes

- Physics
- 2020

Einstein’s general relativity is an extremely elegant and successful theory. Recent observations coming from the LIGO/VIRGO collaboration as well as from the Event Horizon Telescope give us the…