The Langmuir Probe and Waves (LPW) Instrument for MAVEN

@article{Andersson2015TheLP,
  title={The Langmuir Probe and Waves (LPW) Instrument for MAVEN},
  author={Laila Andersson and Robert E. Ergun and Gregory T. Delory and Anders I. Eriksson and James Westfall and Heather Reed and J. McCauly and David Summers and David Meyers},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={2015},
  volume={195},
  pages={173-198}
}
We describe the sensors, the sensor biasing and control, the signal-processing unit, and the operation of the Langmuir Probe and Waves (LPW) instrument on the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission. The LPW instrument is designed to measure the electron density and temperature in the ionosphere of Mars and to measure spectral power density of waves (DC-2 MHz) in Mars’ ionosphere, including one component of the electric field. Low-frequency plasma waves can heat ions resulting in… 

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