The LPS-induced neutrophil recruitment into rat air pouches is mediated by TNFα: likely macrophage origin

Abstract

The role of resident cells during the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neutrophil recruitment into rat air pouches was investigated. In this model, LPS (Escherichia coli, O55: B5 strain; 2-2000 ng) induced a dose- and time-dependent neutrophil recruitment accompanied by the generation of a tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-like activity. Dexamethasone (0.05-5 mug) and cycloheximide (6 ng), injected 2 h before LPS into the pouches, inhibited the neutrophil recruitment and the generation of the TNFalpha-like activity, while the H1-receptor antagonist mepyramine (1 and 4 mg/kg, i.p., 0.5 h before LPS) and the PAF-receptor antagonist WEB 2170 (0.05 and 1 mg/kg, i.p., 0.5 h before LPS) had no effect. Purified alveolar macrophages (AM) were used to replenish the pouches of cycloheximide-treated recipient rats. AM provided by PBS-treated animals led to the recovery of the LPS-induced neutrophil recruitment and of the TNFalpha-like formation contrasting with those from cycloheximide-treated animals (1 mg/kg, i.p.). When delivered in situ, liposome-encapsulated clodronate, a macrophage depletor, significantly impaired both the LPSinduced neutrophil recruitment and the TNFalpha-like activity. An anti-murine TNFalpha polyclonal antibody (0.5 h before LPS) was also effective. These results emphasize the pivotal role of macrophages for LPS-induced neutrophil recruitment via the formation of TNFalpha.

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@article{Arreto1997TheLN, title={The LPS-induced neutrophil recruitment into rat air pouches is mediated by TNFα: likely macrophage origin}, author={C-D. Arreto and C H Dumarey and M-A. Nahori and Bernardo Boris Vargaftig}, journal={Mediators of Inflammation}, year={1997}, volume={6}, pages={335 - 343} }