The Kurdish genocide in Iraq: the Security-Anfal and the Identity-Anfal

@article{Kirmanj2020TheKG,
  title={The Kurdish genocide in Iraq: the Security-Anfal and the Identity-Anfal},
  author={Sherko Kirmanj and A. Rafaat},
  journal={National Identities},
  year={2020},
  volume={23},
  pages={163 - 183}
}
ABSTRACT From February to September 1988, Iraqi Kurds were subjected to a genocidal operation by the Iraqi government, known as the Anfal operation. The operation lasted just over seven months but it had a devastating impact on most parts of rural Kurdistan in Iraq, resulting in the killing of thousands of Kurdish civilians. Most scholars have overlooked the multiple strategies, dimensions of and motivations for the operations and have mostly focused on and/or examined the military and… Expand
1 Citations
The Securitization and De-Securitization of Kurdish Societal Security in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, And Syria
The four countries hosting Kurdish populations in the Middle East have mainly been politically centralized in character and sought to follow a homogeneous nation-state model through the assimilationExpand

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