The Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) as Criminal Syndicate: Funding Terrorism through Organized Crime, A Case Study

  title={The Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) as Criminal Syndicate: Funding Terrorism through Organized Crime, A Case Study},
  author={Mitchel P. Roth and Murat Sever},
  journal={Studies in Conflict \& Terrorism},
  pages={901 - 920}
  • M. Roth, M. Sever
  • Published 22 August 2007
  • Political Science
  • Studies in Conflict & Terrorism
Scholars have long recognized that terrorist groups have engaged in transnational organized crime activities. But the question that comes up is, “When does a criminal enterprise become a terrorist group or vice versa?” Terrorist groups have used physical violence, participated in weapons and drug trafficking networks, immigrant smuggling, and money laundering. More recently a number of terrorist groups have established what Jonathan White has referred to as “illegal multinational criminal… 

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