The Kirkbride buildings in contemporary culture (1850–2015): from ‘moral management’ to horror films

  title={The Kirkbride buildings in contemporary culture (1850–2015): from ‘moral management’ to horror films},
  author={Francisco P{\'e}rez-Fern{\'a}ndez and Francisco Javier L{\'o}pez-Mu{\~n}oz},
  journal={History of Psychiatry},
  pages={336 - 351}
The so-called ‘Kirkbride Plan’ is a type of mental institution designed by the American psychiatrist Thomas Story Kirkbride. The Kirkbride-design asylums were built from 1848 to the end of the nineteenth century. Their structural characteristics were subordinated to a certain approach to moral management: exposure to natural light, beautiful views and good air circulation. These hospitals used several architectural styles, but they all had a similar general plan. The popularity of the model… 

“Dyspepsia,” “seduction” and “violent hysteria”: reports, reforms and the Irish asylums of the 1850s

  • B. Kelly
  • Medicine
    Irish Journal of Medical Science (1971 -)
  • 2020
Examining two key reports central to this process in the 1850s are examined in the fevered, panicked context of Ireland’s perpetual reform and expansion of its nineteenth-century asylums.

The Effect of Architecture and Design on Mental Health and Implications for Open Art Studios

In this literature review I will discuss the history of architecture and design in the mental health field. I investigate what has been studied on how different aspects of design, such as safety and



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The background to the establishment of the hospital and, so far as is possible from publicly available sources, its catchment area, the nature of the patients held there up to 1880, its mechanisms of discharge, and supposed causes of death are described.

From Beauty to Despair: The Rise and Fall of the American State Mental Hospital

The Kirkbride Model, treatment methods and practices over time, and how the state hospital fell into disfavor as a means to treat the mentally ill are addressed.

Benjamin Rush, MD: Assassin or Beloved Healer?

Benjamin Rush, MD (1745–1813), was not only the most well known physician in 18th-century America, he was also a patriot, philosopher, author, lecturer, fervent evangelist, politician, and dedicated

Manicomios de cine: la representación de las instituciones mentales y sus procedimientos en la gran pantalla

Mental institutions have always attracted the cinema as scenarios and they have nearly always appeared in a very negative and pessimistic light. Proof of this is that in horror movies they have often

Moral treatment: contexts considered.

  • S. Peloquin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1989
This article considers moral treatment within the contexts that shaped both its characteristics and the course of its practice--the medical community and 19th-century society to provide therapists with a broader understanding of moral treatment and enable them to address the question of a relationship between the two practices.

The Mentally Ill in America

It is characteristic of the American approach to social problems that it should be thought worth while for the American Foundation for Mental Hygiene to finance a survey of the treatment of the

Innovations in Hospital Architecture

This chapter discusses architecture for health-A Brief History of Sustainability, the Evolving Role of Site, Landscape, and Nature, and Designing for Hospital-Based Care.