The Kelp Highway Hypothesis: Marine Ecology, the Coastal Migration Theory, and the Peopling of the Americas

@article{Erlandson2007TheKH,
  title={The Kelp Highway Hypothesis: Marine Ecology, the Coastal Migration Theory, and the Peopling of the Americas},
  author={Jon M. Erlandson and Michael H. Graham and Bruce J. Bourque and Debra G. Corbett and James A. Estes and Robert S. Steneck},
  journal={The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology},
  year={2007},
  volume={2},
  pages={161 - 174}
}
ABSTRACT In this article, a collaborative effort between archaeologists and marine ecologists, we discuss the role kelp forest ecosystems may have played in facilitating the movement of maritime peoples from Asia to the Americas near the end of the Pleistocene. Growing in cool nearshore waters along rocky coastlines, kelp forests offer some of the most productive habitats on earth, with high primary productivity, magnified secondary productivity, and three-dimensional habitat supporting a… 

Ecology of the Kelp Highway: Did Marine Resources Facilitate Human Dispersal From Northeast Asia to the Americas?

ABSTRACT We explore the ecology of Pacific Rim marine ecosystems and the idea that the broad geographic range of many nearshore food resources facilitated a dispersal of maritime peoples from Asia to

Coastlines, marine ecology, and maritime dispersals in human history

Abstract Once thought to be restricted to the last 10,000 to 15,000 years, seafaring and maritime adaptations now have a much deeper history. Coastlines and voyaging are now implicated in several

Title Large mammal biomass predicts the changing distribution of hunter-gatherer settlements in mid-late Holocene Alaska Permalink

This study provides an ecological explanation for the distribution of Arctic Small Tool tradition (ASTt) settlements in Alaska and the origin of their arctic maritime adaptation. Theoretically

A Model for Paleoamerican Coastal Zone Preference for the Atlantic Slope of Eastern North America Since the Last Glacial Maximum

ABSTRACT Paleoamerican colonization models have emphasized the importance of coastal zones for provisioning hunter gatherers with a diverse range of subsistence resources. This article expands on
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES

Kelp forest ecosystems: biodiversity, stability, resilience and future

The conditions in which kelp forests develop globally and where, why and at what rate they become deforested are reviewed and overfishing appears to be the greatest manageable threat to kelp forest ecosystems over the 2025 time horizon.

From Pleistocene Mariners to Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Archaeology of the California Channel Islands

California’s Channel Islands were home to some of the most distinctive Native American peoples along the Pacific Coast. Never connected to the mainland during the Quaternary, the Channel Islands have

The Ecology of Extinctions in Kelp Forest Communities

It is speculated that grazing by sea cows was an important disturbance to surface-canopy-forming kelps and other algae in the littoral zones, but also pointed out that any such interactions probably acted in concert with physical disturbances by ocean waves.

Paleocoastal Marine Fishing on the Pacific Coast of the Americas: Perspectives from Daisy Cave, California

Analysis of over 27,000 fish bones from strata at Daisy Cave suggests that early Channel Islanders fished relatively intensively in a variety of habitats using a number of distinct technologies, including boats and the earliest evidence for hook-and-line fishing on the Pacific Coast of the Americas.

Ice ages and ecological transitions on temperate coasts

Predation, herbivory, and kelp evolution

It is proposed that the kelps (Laminariales) radiated in the North Pacific following the onset of late Cenozoic polar cooling, and consequent biogeographical differences in the intensity of herbivory may have selected the phenolic-rich brown algal flora in temperate Australia/ New Zealand.

Effects of Local Deforestation on the Diversity and Structure of Southern California Giant Kelp Forest Food Webs

A 19-year-long kelp forest-monitoring data set from the Channel Islands National Park is used to generate an idealized food web for Southern California giant kelp forests in order to identify the primary conduits of energy flow through the system.

Coastal hunter-gatherers and social evolution: marginal or central?

It is suggested that pre-existing conventions should be critically re-examined, that coastlines may have played a more significant, widespread and persistent role as zones of attractio...

Ecology of Kelp Communities

The giant kelp, Macrocystispyrifera, forms dense forests in many parts of the world including areas of the northeast Pacific, the southern shores of South America, many Southern Ocean islands, and isolated areas of South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.
...