The Kaiser's cancer revisited: was Virchow totally wrong?

@article{Cardesa2011TheKC,
  title={The Kaiser's cancer revisited: was Virchow totally wrong?},
  author={Antonio Cardesa and Nina Zidar and Ll{\'u}cia Al{\'o}s and Alfons Nadal and Nina Gale and G{\"u}nter Kl{\"o}ppel},
  journal={Virchows Archiv},
  year={2011},
  volume={458},
  pages={649-657}
}
On 15 June 1888, the German Emperor, Kaiser Friedrich III, died of laryngeal cancer. Three biopsies of his laryngeal lesion had been taken by the British laryngologist, Morel Mackenzie, in 1887 and diagnosed by Rudolf Virchow as “pachydermia verrucosa laryngis”, confirming Mackenzie's assessment that the Kaiser's disease was benign. A fourth specimen coughed up by the patient was considered by Virchow to be nondiagnostic. A further specimen expectorated by the patient 3 months before his death… Expand
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