The July effect: impact of the beginning of the academic cycle on cardiac surgical outcomes in a cohort of 70,616 patients.

@article{Bakaeen2009TheJE,
  title={The July effect: impact of the beginning of the academic cycle on cardiac surgical outcomes in a cohort of 70,616 patients.},
  author={Faisal G Bakaeen and Joseph Huh and Scott A Lemaire and Joseph S. Coselli and Shubhada Sansgiry and Prasad V Atluri and Danny Chu},
  journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery},
  year={2009},
  volume={88 1},
  pages={70-5}
}
BACKGROUND Because surgical residents' level of experience may be at its nadir early in the academic year, academic seasonality-or the "July effect"-could affect cardiac surgical outcomes. METHODS Prospectively collected data from the Department of Veterans Affairs Continuous Improvement in Cardiac Surgery Program were used to identify 70,616 consecutive cardiac surgical procedures performed between October 1997 and October 2007. Morbidity and mortality rates were compared between early (July… CONTINUE READING
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