• Corpus ID: 249611263

The Journal of Nutrition Symposium—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction? Symposium Overview—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction?

  title={The Journal of Nutrition Symposium—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction? Symposium Overview—Food Addiction: Fact or Fiction?},
  author={Rebecca L W Corwin and Patricia S. Grigson},
Food addiction is a pervasive, yet controversial, topic that has gained recent attention in both lay media and the scientific literature. The goal of this series of articles is to use a combination of preclinical and clinical data to determine whether foods, like drugs of abuse, can be addictive, the conditions under which the addiction develops, and the underlying neurophysiological substrates. Operational definitions of addiction that have been used in the treatment of human disorders and to… 


Sugar and fat bingeing have notable differences in addictive-like behavior.
It is discussed how fat may be the macronutrient that results in excess body weight, and sweet taste in the absence offat may be largely responsible for producing addictive-like behaviors that include a withdrawal syndrome.
Carrot addiction.
  • R. Kaplan
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1996
Compusive carrot eating, regarded as a rare condition, has received scant documentation, unlike hypercarotenemia due to unusual diets or food fads, but nervousness, craving, insomnia, waterbrash and irritability are associated with withdrawal from excessive carrot eating.
The treatment of eating disorders as addiction among adolescent females
  • Arthur S. Trotzky
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of adolescent medicine and health
  • 2002
The Israel Counseling and Treatment Center of the North has been treating eating disorders as addictive disease by applying the twelve step program of the Anonymous Fellowships as an adjunct to counseling and treatment for those who suffer from compulsive overeating and bulimia.
Homeostatic and hedonic signals interact in the regulation of food intake.
This article reviews the extensive research that has identified several mechanisms by which repeated exposure to drugs of abuse alters neuronal function and increases the motivational incentive to obtain and use these substances and discusses the clinical implications in the context of obesity and neuropsychiatric syndromes such as bulimia nervosa and Prader-Willi syndrome.
Evidence for Addiction-like Behavior in the Rat
It is reported that behaviors that resemble three of the essential diagnostic criteria for addiction appear over time in rats trained to self-administer cocaine.
Neurobiological evidence for hedonic allostasis associated with escalating cocaine use
It is shown in rats that repeated withdrawals from prolonged cocaine self-administration produces a persistent decrease in brain reward function that is highly correlated with escalation of cocaine intake and that reduces the hedonic impact of cocaine.
Discrete neurochemical coding of distinguishable motivational processes: insights from nucleus accumbens control of feeding
Evidence is reviewed from studies of food intake, feeding microstructure, instrumental responding for food reinforcement, and dopamine efflux associated with feeding, which suggests that reward processing in the Acb is best understood as an interaction among distinct processes coded by discrete neurotransmitter systems.
Profile: Neal Barnard
  • M. Wadman
  • Political Science
    Nature Medicine
  • 2006
Descended from a long line of cattle ranchers, Neal Barnard seems an unlikely advocate for animal rights. But this doctor is not afraid to take on the entire medical establishment.
Food addiction in humans.
  • M. Pelchat
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Journal of nutrition
  • 2009
Healthy, normal weight individuals, by definition, do not suffer from food addiction; however, overweight and obese individuals could meet clinical criteria.