The Journal Impact Factor: A brief history, critique, and discussion of adverse effects

@inproceedings{Larivire2019TheJI,
  title={The Journal Impact Factor: A brief history, critique, and discussion of adverse effects},
  author={Vincent Larivi{\`e}re and Cassidy R. Sugimoto},
  booktitle={Springer Handbook of Science and Technology Indicators},
  year={2019}
}
  • V. Larivière, C. Sugimoto
  • Published in
    Springer Handbook of Science…
    26 January 2018
  • Computer Science, Physics, Economics
The Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is, by far, the most discussed bibliometric indicator. Since its introduction over 40 years ago, it has had enormous effects on the scientific ecosystem: transforming the publishing industry, shaping hiring practices and the allocation of resources, and, as a result, reorienting the research activities and dissemination practices of scholars. Given both the ubiquity and impact of the indicator, the JIF has been widely dissected and debated by scholars of every… Expand
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Citation inequality and the Journal Impact Factor: median, mean, (does it) matter?
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Use of the journal impact factor for assessing individual articles need not be wrong
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A theoretical analysis of statistical arguments against the use of the impact factor at the level of individual articles shows that these arguments do not support the conclusion that the impact factors should be used for assessing individual articles. Expand
Two Decades of Research Assessment in Italy. Addressing the Criticisms
Italy is the single largest country in Continental Europe to have adopted a regular and mandatory research assessment approach, involving all researchers at universities and Public ResearchExpand
Use of the journal impact factor for assessing individual articles need not be statistically wrong.
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A theoretical analysis of statistical arguments against the use of the impact factor at the level of individual articles shows that these arguments do not support the conclusion that the impact factors should not be used for assessing individual articles. Expand
Changing research topic trends as an effect of publication rankings - The case of German economists and the Handelsblatt Ranking
TLDR
It is found that the Handelsblatt Ranking did not cause a significant shift of topics researched by German-affiliated authors in comparison to their international counterparts, even though topic convergence is apparent. Expand
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References

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The journal impact factor denominator: defining citable (counted) items.
TLDR
This journal-specific analysis identifies the journal sections, subsections, or both that contain materials likely to be considered scholarly works, and which therefore have the potential to be cited. Expand
Escape from the impact factor
As Editor-in-Chief of the journal Nature, I am concerned by the tendency within acade- mic administrations to focus on a journal's impact factor when judging the worth of scientific contri- butionsExpand
Reasons for Journal Impact Factor Changes: Influence of Changing Source Items
TLDR
The results of this analysis point out the potentially delusive effect of IF increases gained through effective shrinkage of publication output, and careful consideration of the details of the IF equation and possible implementation of control mechanisms versus the volatile factor of number of articles may help to improve the expressiveness of this metric. Expand
Is the impact of journal impact factors decreasing?
TLDR
The paper shows that the commonly used journal impact factor can to some extent be relatively easily manipulated. Expand
Journal impact measures in bibliometric research
TLDR
It is shown that in contrast to a common misbelief statistical methods can be applied to discrete "skewed" distributions, and that the statistical reliability of these statistics can be used as a basis for application of journal impact measures in comparative analyses. Expand
History of the journal impact factor: Contingencies and consequences
TLDR
The paper shows how the various building blocks of the dominant JIF came into being and argues that these building blocks were all constructed fairly arbitrarily or for different purposes than those that govern the contemporary use of the JIF. Expand
A further step forward in measuring journals’ scientific prestige: The SJR2 indicator
TLDR
The SJR2 indicator was distributed more equalized than the JIF by Subject Area and almost as equalized as the SNIP, and better than both at the lower level of Specific Subject Areas, and the incorporation of the cosine increased the values of the flows of prestige between thematically close journals. Expand
Impact-oriented science policies and scientific publication practices: The case of life sciences in Japan
The modern science system relies on intense evaluation of scientific publication, in which scientific impact is highly emphasized, but its contribution to the progress of science has beenExpand
A simple proposal for the publication of journal citation distributions
TLDR
It is proposed that this methodology be adopted by all journals as a move to greater transparency, one that should help to refocus attention on individual pieces of work and counter the inappropriate usage of JIFs during the process of research assessment. Expand
A new approach to the metric of journals' scientific prestige: The SJR indicator
A size-independent indicator of journals’ scientific prestige, the SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) indicator, is proposed that ranks scholarly journals based on citation weighting schemes and eigenvectorExpand
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