The Jews of Poland between two world wars

  title={The Jews of Poland between two world wars},
  author={Israel Gutman},
Jews have long seen the interwar years as a golden age for Polish Jewry and hold it in special reverence because of the community s heroic struggle against the encroaching darkness of antisemitism. During the years 1918 to 1939, Polish Jews constituted the largest Jewish community in noncommunist Europe and were the leading cultural and political force in the Jewish Diaspora. In this volume distinguished American, West European, Israeli, and Polish scholars combine forces to explore the… 
36 Citations
Jews in Poland Between the Two World Wars
In no other country were Jews, proportionally, such a huge minority as in Poland. Religiously, economically, and politically Jews varied a great deal. They were an urban and closed group which kept
Deadly Communities: Local Political Milieus and the Persecution of Jews in Occupied Poland
Why, after the outbreak of World War II in Eastern Europe, did the inhabitants of some communities erupt in violence against their Jewish neighbors? The authors hypothesize that the greater the
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One of the influential figures among Polish-Jewish writers in the first half of the twentieth century was Jakub Appenszlak (1894–1950)—an editor, author, essayist, theatre critic, translator, and
Pluralism to a Fault: Jewish Political Organizations in Interwar Poland
ABSTRACT Jews, unlike Belarusians, Ukrainians, and Germans, did not pose a direct, irredentist threat to interwar Polish territorial integrity. They were not a territorially concentrated group with
Between a Love of Poland, Symbolic Violence, and Antisemitism: The Idiosyncratic Effects of the State Education System on Young Jews in Interwar Poland
The establishment of new states after the First World War constituted a revolution for the people affected and had a major impact on every aspect of their lives. The Second Polish Republic was the
Promising Harmonies: The Aural Politics of Polish-Jewish Relations in the Russian Empire
In the early 1820s, during a series of summer sojourns in the Polish countryside, Frederick Chopin imagined himself as a Jewish klezmer musician. Meanwhile, the Polish composer Stanisław Moniuszko
Unifying elements in European Jewish fiction, 1890-1945 : between disillusion and destruction
This study seeks to identify and describe the characteristic elements of European Jewish fiction during the period 1890-1945. Writings that deal with overtly religious themes or which have Zionist
Female, Jewish, Educated, and Writing Polish Jewish History
I  Female, Jewish and Educated, a riveting collective biography of women who attended German-speaking universities in the early decades of the twentieth century, Harriet Pass Freidenreich
The Yeshiva as a Political Institution
Since its beginnings in 18th century Lithuania, the modern yeshiva has not sought to create adjudicators of practical matters, but rather Talmudists to deal with Jewish laws and customs on an
'Vos vayter?' Graduating from Elementary School in Interwar Poland: From Personal Crisis to Cultural Turning Point
Around 370 autobiographies survived the Second World War, affording a rich and rewarding resource for this period, especially the experience of growing up as a Jew in Poland.2 The autobiographies