The Jewish Diaspora in a Comparative and Theoretical Perspective

  title={The Jewish Diaspora in a Comparative and Theoretical Perspective},
  author={William Safran},
  journal={Israel Studies},
  pages={36 - 60}
FOR MANY GENERATIONS, THE PHENOMENON of Diaspora was dealt with only in connection with the Jews. Thus, the entry on "Diaspora" in the Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences published in 1937 was by Simon Dubnow, the prominent scholar of Jewish history.' With few exceptions, political scientists and historians ignored it, including those who focused on nationalism and ethnicity.2 The reason was simple: diaspora referred to a very specific case-that of the exile of the Jews from the Holy Land and… 
Since the ancient times, Jews used to be in a diasporic situation. While embracing new elements, being in and out of their borders, in and out of their communities and regarding social, political and
Activism as Engine: Jewish Internationalism, 1880s–1980s
This essay proposes what may seem to some an outlandish idea, namely that the emergence of modern Jewish internationalism had little to do with conceptions of nationhood or even Judaism. It was not a
Is There a Distinct Israeli Diaspora? Impact of Temporal Sociopolitical Circumstances on the Formation of Diaspora Groups
The initial motivation for the current research stems from the inability of existing definitions of diaspora groups to distinguish between former Israelis and longtime diaspora Jews, despite apparent
‘Am Yisrael Chai! (The Nation of Israel Lives!)’: Stark Reminders of Home in the Reproduction of Ethno-Diasporic Identity
The transnationalism literature has redefined the concept of diaspora, claiming it to be de-rooted, de-centred and detached from the nation-state rhetoric of ‘one nation, one land’, primordial
Jews in the United States and Israel: A Comparative Look upon Israel’s 70th Anniversary
The creation of the State of Israel 70 years ago was a tectonic turning point in modern Jewish history. It was followed by dramatic changes in world Jewry’s patterns of geographic distribution,
Reworking Race, Nation, and Diaspora on the Margins
  • J. Gow
  • Sociology, Political Science
    Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies
  • 2021
At the turn of the twentieth century, terms like globalization, transnationalism, and diaspora heralded the increasing interconnectedness of cultures, nations, and politics. While such global
Jewish philanthropy and Jewish credit cooperatives in Eastern Europe and Palestine up to 1939: A transnational phenomenon?
At the end of the nineteenth century, and more pronouncedly between the two World Wars, Jews in Eastern Europe created wide networks of credit cooperatives, which at their peak supported about a
The subject of this article is the reinscription of a new diaspora in the public sphere by which governments and multilateral institutions are mobilizing. The following argues that these kinds of
The Calcutta Jewish Community and the Jewish Diaspora during the Inter-war Years
The city of Calcutta (now Kolkata) is home to a tiny community, namely, Baghdadi Jews from the Middle East. The Jewish community contributed extensively toward building and consolidating the rich
This article is devoted to history of formation and present state of Circassian diaspora. The main stages of institutionalization of Circassian (Adyghe) diaspora in Turkey, Syria and Jordan are


Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return
In most scholarly discussions of ethnic communities, immigrants, and aliens, and in most treatments of relationships between minorities and majorities, little if any attention has been devoted to
Comparing Diasporas: A Review Essay
  • William Safran
  • Sociology
    Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies
  • 1999
The diaspora phenomenon has caught the attention of a growing number of scholars. This is not surprising: in an age of globalization, which is marked by proliferating population movements, everfaster
Rethinking 'Babylon' : iconoclastic conceptions of the diasporic experience
The word ‘diaspora’ is closely associated with enslavement, exile and loneliness. A people is seen to be scattered as a result of a traumatic historical event. Contrary to this assumption, a closer
From the Nation-State to the Transnational World: On the Meaning and Usefulness of Diaspora as a Concept
I read Khachig Tölölyan's article when it first appeared in Diaspora in 1996, but, as I was working on an altogether different subject at the time, I forgot about it. I wrote the main argument of the
Mobilized and Proletarian Diasporas
Using an exchange model, this article examines two ethnic groups, mobilized and proletarian diasporas, in a broad range of modernizing polities. The salient dimensions of myth, communications
Language and nation‐building in Israel: Hebrew and its rivals*
Abstract. The problem of language preceded the founding of Israel. In the nineteenth century, the emergence of political Zionism was accompanied by a revival of Hebrew. In the early years of Jewish
Modern Diasporas in International Politics
of a model which denigrates territorial pluralism and demands monolithic unity. In the process, another, rather different, consensus has emerged which implies that the nationstate is, or can be, an
Reflections on Exile
ions, from terrorism, Communism, Islamic fundamentalism, and instability, to moderation, freedom, stability, and strategic alliances, all of them as unclear as they are both potent and unrefined in
Diaspora: Generation and the Ground of Jewish Identity
Some of the material in this paper is taken from the final chapter of Daniel Boyarin's forthcoming book, A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity. Other material is from Jonathan Boyarin's
Cultural Citizenship as Subject-Making: Immigrants Negotiate Racial and Cultural Boundaries in the United States [and Comments and Reply]
CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY Volume 37, Number 5, December 1996 CI 1996 by The Wenne1-Gren Foundation for Anthropologi~l Research. All rights reserved OOI1-3204/96/370~:-OOO2S3.00 Cultural Citizenship as