The Italian linguistic validation of the ureteral stent symptoms questionnaire.

Abstract

PURPOSE We validated the Italian version of the Ureteral Stent Symptoms Questionnaire in male and female patients with an indwelling ureteral stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS A double-back translation of the original Ureteral Stent Symptoms Questionnaire was performed by 3 urologists and 4 professional translators. A total of 78 patients (cases) with and 35… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.04.022

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