The Interpretive Cortex

@article{Penfield1959TheIC,
  title={The Interpretive Cortex},
  author={Wilder Graves Penfield},
  journal={Science},
  year={1959},
  volume={129},
  pages={1719 - 1725}
}
  • W. Penfield
  • Published 26 June 1959
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Science
The interpretive cortex has in it a mechanism for instant reactivation of the detailed record of the past. It has a mechanism also for the production of interpretive signals. Such signals could only be significant if past records are scanned and relevant experiences are selected for comparison with present experience. This is a subconscious process. But it may well be that this scanning of past experience and selection from it also renders the relevant past available for conscious consideration… 
Forgetting in an association memory
TLDR
Some modern experiments, involving the implantation and stimulation of microelectrodes in the brain, have suggested that experiences far removed in time can be evoked in great informational detail by appropriate stimulation of barin tissue.
Pavlov, Penfield, and the physiology of the mind
TLDR
The influence that Ivan Pavlov and the conditioned reflex had on Penfield's understanding of epileptogenesis, and on his concept of the acquisition of memories, language, and perception—what Penfield referred to as the physiology of the mind.
The White Paper: Wilder Penfield, the Stream of Consciousness, and the Physiology of Mind
  • R. Leblanc
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 2019
TLDR
Although Penfield ultimately felt that he had failed in his attempt to unify brain and mind, his work shed new light on the relationship of memory to the mesial temporal structures and to the temporal cortex; and his association of consciousness and the brainstem preceded the conceptualization of the reticular activating system by a generation.
Brain Stimulation in the Study of Neuronal Functions for Conscious Sensory Experiences
Summary. Some features of cerebral neuronal functions that are uniquely related to generation of conscious sensory responses, have been discovered. Included are two temporal factors: (I) Substantial
Brain stimulation in the study of neuronal functions for conscious sensory experiences.
  • B. Libet
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Human neurobiology
  • 1982
TLDR
Substantial delays before achieving cerebral "neuronal adequacy" appear to be required for eliciting a sensory experience, including the demonstration that a cortical stimulus can retroactively modify a skin-induced sensation even when C stimulus begins up to 500 msec after S stimulus.
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Its Possible Contribution to the Understanding of the Functional Significance of the Amygdala and of Its Interaction with Neocortical-Temporal Mechanisms
In the human brain, the amygdala forms a prominent subcortical mass of grey matter located within the depths of the temporal lobe. Its function usually has been discussed in terms of its connections
The Sensory Neocortex and Associative Memory.
TLDR
It is argued that sensory cortical areas may play an important role for the memory-dependent categorical recognition of previously encountered sensory stimuli.
Consciousness and Neurosurgery
TLDR
The contributions of neurosurgeons to the quest for consciousness are explored and some of the results that have already been achieved are outlined.
Distinctive mental contexts in long-term memory
Abstract This series of investigations began with the strikingly detailed recall, by a trained hypnotic S, of a dream experienced under hypnosis over 2 years before. The significance of distinctive
The neuropathology of amnesia
TLDR
The value of investigating inter-dependencies between brain structures is emphasized by pointing out that relations between memory disturbances and brain damage may be more complicated than apparent from a simple structure-function assignment.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Memory deficit produced by bilateral lesions in the hippocampal zone.
TLDR
The following study shows that the capacity to record the daily current of conscious experience may be lost when there is bilateral destruction of a man's hippocampus and hippocampal gyrus.
On the Instability of a Cortical Point
Slight and transient differences in the depth of narcosis, in the freedom of blood supply, and in the temperature of the preparation modify reactions obtained from stimulation of the motor area in
SOME MECHANISMS OF CONSCIOUSNESS DISCOVERED DURING ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF THE BRAIN.
  • W. Penfield
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1958
This great National Academy embraces many sciences-almost as many, in fact, as there are members-for this is the day of diversity of thought and specialization of technique. But, although there are
Illusions of comparative interpretation and emotion; production by epileptic discharge and by electrical stimulation in the temporal cortex.
TLDR
These "psychical states" may appear in the onset of an epileptic seizure that originates in temporal regions of the brain, and they may, in fact, constitute the only clinical "psychological states" of epilepsy.
The twenty-ninth Maudsley lecture: the role of the temporal cortex in certain psychical phenomena.
  • W. Penfield
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of mental science
  • 1955
The Founder of this lecture series was described with consummate skill by Professor Aubrey Lewis in the Twenty-fifth Maudsley Lecture, before this Association. Henry Maudsley was a clinician who
Atlas anatomicum cerebri humani (Scheltema and Holkema, Amsterdam)
  • 1959
Princeton
  • Speech and Brain Mechanisms
  • 1959
Speech and Brain Mechanisms (Princeton
  • 1959
The Excitable Cortex in Conscious Man
Within the brain, a central transactional core has been identified between the strictly sensory or motor systems of classical neurology
  • The Waking Brain
  • 1958
...
1
2
...