The International Cometary Explorer Mission to Comet Giacobini-Zinner

@article{vonRosenvinge1986TheIC,
  title={The International Cometary Explorer Mission to Comet Giacobini-Zinner},
  author={Tycho T. von Rosenvinge and John Conrad Brandt and Robert W. Farquhar},
  journal={Science},
  year={1986},
  volume={232},
  pages={353 - 356}
}
The International Cometary Explorer (ICE) became the first spacecraft ever to encounter a comet when it passed through the tail of comet Giacobini-Zinner. An overview of this encounter is presented, including highlights of the results. 

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References

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International Cometary Explorer Encounter with Giacobini-Zinner: Magnetic Field Observations
TLDR
The vector helium magnetometer on the International Cometary Explorer observed the magnetic fields induced by the interaction of comet Giacobini-Zinner with the solar wind, which consisted of two lobes, containing oppositely directed fields with strengths up to 60 nanoteslas. Expand
Comet Giacobini-Zinner: Plasma Description
TLDR
A strong interaction between the solar wind and comet Giacobini-Zinner was observed oh 11 September 1985 with the Los Alamos plasma electron experiment on the International Cometary Explorer spacecraft, and a narrow, high-density core of plasma, presumably the developing plasma tail was found. Expand
Ion Composition Results During the International Cometary Explorer Encounter with Giacobini-Zinner
TLDR
Initial interpretation of the measurements indicates the presence of H2O+, H3O+, probably CO+ and HCO+, and ions in the mass range 23 to 24; possible candidates are Na+ and Mg+. Expand
Observations of Energetic Ions from Comet Giacobini-Zinner
During the encounter with comet Giacobini-Zinner, the energetic particle anisotropy spectrometer on the International Cometary Explorer spacecraft observed large fluxes of energetic ions, believed toExpand
ISEE-3 distant geotail results
The ISEE-3 spacecraft spent most of 1983 in the geomagnetic tail, between 60 and 240 earth radii. This extended mission phase has provided an opportunity to study the effects of the solarExpand
Comet Giacobini-Zinner: In Situ Observations of Energetic Heavy Ions
Conclusive evidence is presented for the existence of energetic (∼535,0000 to 150,000 electron volts), heavy (>-12 atomic mass units), singly charged cometary ions within ∼1.5 x 106 kilometers ofExpand
Plasma Wave Observations at Comet Giacobini-Zinner
TLDR
The plasma wave instrument on the International Cometary Explorer detected bursts of strong ion acoustic waves almost continuously when the spacecraft was within 2 million kilometers of the nucleus of comet Giacobini-Zinner, and these observations of strong wave-particle interactions may provide answers to longstanding questions concerning ionization processes in the vicinity of the coma. Expand
Plasma Diagnosis from Thermal Noise and Limits on Dust Flux or Mass in Comet Giacobini-Zinner
TLDR
An upper limit for the dust flux or particle mass is found, indicating either fluxes or masses in the tail smaller than implied by the models or an anomalous grain structure, which seems to support earlier suggestions that these grains are featherlike. Expand
Astnaa. Sa
  • 1985
T . T . von Rosenvinge and
  • 1985
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