The Interior Structure, Composition, and Evolution of Giant Planets

@article{Fortney2010TheIS,
  title={The Interior Structure, Composition, and Evolution of Giant Planets},
  author={Jonathan J. Fortney and Nadine Nettelmann},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={2010},
  volume={152},
  pages={423-447}
}
We discuss our current understanding of the interior structure and thermal evolution of giant planets. This includes the gas giants, such as Jupiter and Saturn, that are primarily composed of hydrogen and helium, as well as the “ice giants,” such as Uranus and Neptune, which are primarily composed of elements heavier than H/He. The effect of different hydrogen equations of state (including new first-principles computations) on Jupiter’s core mass and heavy element distribution is detailed. This… 
The Interiors of Jupiter and Saturn
  • R. Helled
  • Physics, Geology
    Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science
  • 2019
Probing the interiors of the gaseous giant planets in our solar system is not an easy task. It requires a set of accurate measurements combined with theoretical models that are used to infer the
THE HEAVY-ELEMENT MASSES OF EXTRASOLAR GIANT PLANETS, REVEALED
We investigate a population of transiting planets that receive relatively modest stellar insolation, indicating equilibrium temperatures <1000 K, and for which the heating mechanism that inflates hot
The Evolution and Internal Structure of Jupiter and Saturn with Compositional Gradients
The internal structure of gas giant planets may be more complex than the commonly assumed core-envelope structure with an adiabatic temperature profile. Different primordial internal structures as
The phase diagram of water and the magnetic fields of Uranus and Neptune
Theoretical versus Observational Uncertainties: Composition of Giant Exoplanets
In order to characterize giant exoplanets and better understand their origin, knowledge of how the planet’s composition depends on its mass and stellar environment is required. In this work, we
SELF-CONSISTENT MODEL ATMOSPHERES AND THE COOLING OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM'S GIANT PLANETS
We compute grids of radiative–convective model atmospheres for Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune over a range of intrinsic fluxes and surface gravities. The atmosphere grids serve as an upper
Jupiter’s formation and its primordial internal structure
The composition of Jupiter and the primordial distribution of the heavy elements are determined by its formation history. As a result, in order to constrain the primordial internal structure of
Scientific rationale for Uranus and Neptune in situ explorations
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES
Effects of Helium Phase Separation on the Evolution of Extrasolar Giant Planets
We build on recent new evolutionary models of Jupiter and Saturn and here extend our calculations to investigate the evolution of extrasolar giant planets of mass 0.15MJ-3.0MJ. Our inhomogeneous
A COMPARISON OF THE INTERIORS OF JUPITER AND SATURN
Models of the Giant Planets
The composition of transiting giant extrasolar planets
In principle, the combined measurements of the mass and radius of a giant exoplanet allow one to determine the relative fraction of hydrogen and helium and of heavy elements in the planet. However,
A Massive Core in Jupiter Predicted from First-Principles Simulations
Hydrogen-helium mixtures at conditions of Jupiter’s interior are studied with first-principles computer simulations. The resulting equation of state (EOS) implies that Jupiter possesses a central
Are the Giant Planets Fully Convective
Abstract All current models of internal structure and evolution of the giant planets assume a convective and adiabatic stratification. The purpose of this work is to reexamine this hypothesis using
On the Luminosity of Young Jupiters
Traditional thermal evolution models of giant planets employ arbitrary initial conditions selected more for computational expediency than physical accuracy. Since the initial conditions are
Shock Compression of Deuterium and the Interiors of Jupiter and Saturn
Recently, deuterium has been the focus of a high level of experimental and theoretical activity, sparked by a disagreement on the experimental value of the maximum compression along the principal
...
...