The Intellectual Achievement of Only Children

  title={The Intellectual Achievement of Only Children},
  author={Denise F. Polit and Toni Falbo},
  journal={Journal of Biosocial Science},
  pages={275 - 286}
Summary A quantitative review of the literature on the intellectual achievement of only children indicated that only children were never at a disadvantage in relation to any comparison group; nor were they significantly different from first-born children or children from two-child families. Moreover, only children were at a significant advantage in comparison with later-born children and those from large families. The consistency of these findings across subgroups suggests that interpersonal… 

Physical, achievement and personality characteristics of Chinese children

Analyses of the combined sample of Beijing and Jilin schoolchildren indicated that the only-child advantages in achievement were found among children from urban families, not rural peasant families.

Academic Performance of Only Children Who Monopolize Parental Resources

Resource dilution theory suggests that many parental resources are dilutable and thus are responsible for the negative effect of sibship size on educational outcomes. However, the special case of

Testing the Only-Child Advantage in Cognitive Development in the Context of China’s One-Child Policy

Using data from a recent national survey of approximately 20,000 Chinese middle school students, we tested the difference in cognitive development between only-children and children with siblings

Challenging the Stereotypes about Only Children: A Review of the Literature and Implications for Practice.

The negative stereotypes of only children are pervasive despite a growing trend toward single-child families and evidence of the only child's strengths. People maintain definite beliefs about the

Comparing Adolescent Only Children with Those Who Have Siblings on Academic Related Outcomes and Psychosocial Adjustment

This study uses a large and representative sample of adolescents to test the theoretically informed hypotheses comparing adolescent singletons with those who have siblings. The results found that,

The Impact of Birth Order on Language Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Simplex Families

The impact of birth order on language development has gained significant traction over the years, with contradictory evidence suggesting that lower birth order may hinder language development in

Who Benefits From Being an Only Child? A Study of Parent–Child Relationship Among Chinese Junior High School Students

It is found that, only children were more likely to have close parent–child relationships than firstborns, whereas no significant differences were found between only children and lastborns.

Effects of day care on the development of cognitive abilities in 8-year-olds: a longitudinal study.

Child care quality predicted cognitive abilities among children who had spent at least 36 months in out-of-home care during their preschool years and both tested and rated cognitive abilities in 2nd grade were related to earlier measures of verbal ability and to paternal involvement during preschool years.

Children with siblings differ from only children in their sharing behaviour

The findings suggest that the difference in kin-preference between children with siblings and only children is due to their respective life experiences.



Quantitative review of the only child literature: Research evidence and theory development.

Six meta-analyses of the research literature on the only child were conducted in order to evaluate the status of the only child and to guide theory development in this area. The 117 studies included

Father absence and children's cognitive development.

  • M. Shinn
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1978
The evidence suggests that financial hardship, high levels of anxiety, and, in particular, low levels of parent-child interaction are causes of poor performance among children in single-parent families; sex role identification does not play an important role.

Birth order, family configuration, and verbal achievement.

Two samples of National Merit Scholarship participants test in 1962 and the entire population of almost 800,000 participants tested in 1965 were examined. Consistent effects in all 3 groups were

Birth Order and Intellectual Development

A confluence model is developed that explains the effects of birth order and family size on intelligence. Intellectual development within the family context is conceived of as depending on the

Family Configuration and Mental Ability: Two Theories Contrasted with U. S. Data

Recent articles have argued that family size and birth order have important cognitive influence, and may partially explain the different performances of social class and ethnic groups. Support for

Sibling tutoring and other explanations for intelligence discontinuities of only and last borns

A critical review of the sibling-tutoring explanation for the intelli gence discontinuity of onlyand last-borns evaluates the evidence supporting this explanation and presents alternatives.

The arrival of sibling: changes in patterns of interaction between mother and first-born child.

  • J. DunnC. Kendrick
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1980
Changes in patterns of association between maternal and child variables after the birth of the sibling were primarily the result of changes in individual differences in child behaviour.

Environments for Children

Is the environment of the urban child better or worse than it used to be? From our own recollections or from the opening pages of innumerable autobiographies we may be likely to conclude that the

Determinants of Infant Behaviour

  • P. Hughes
  • Medicine
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 1964
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