The Instructional Effect of Feedback in Test-Like Events

@article{BangertDrowns1991TheIE,
  title={The Instructional Effect of Feedback in Test-Like Events},
  author={Robert Bangert-Drowns and Chen-Lin C. Kulik and James A. Kulik and Mary Jo Morgan},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  year={1991},
  volume={61},
  pages={213 - 238}
}
Feedback is an essential construct for many theories of learning and instruction, and an understanding of the conditions for effective feedback should facilitate both theoretical development and instructional practice. In an early review of feedback effects in written instruction, Kulhavy (1977) proposed that feedback’s chief instructional significance is to correct errors. This error-correcting action was thought to be a function of presentation timing, response certainty, and whether students… 

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