The Innovator's Dilemma

  title={The Innovator's Dilemma},
  author={Clayton M. Christensen},
When I began my search for an answer to the puzzle of why the best firms can fail, a friend offered some sage advice. "Those who study genetics avoid studying humans," he noted. "Because new generations come along only every thirty years or so, it takes a long time to understand the cause and effect of any changes. Instead, they study fruit flies, because they are conceived, born, mature, and die all within a single day. If you want to understand why something happens in business, study the… 

The Innovator's Dilemma: Disruptive Change and Academic Libraries

This book is about the failure of companies to stay atop their industries when they confront certain types of market and technological change. It's not about the failure of simply any company, but of

Innovation, Creative Destruction and Sustainability

  • S. Hart
  • Economics, Political Science
  • 2005
OVERVIEW: Nearly 4½ billion people, all over the world, earn less than three dollars a day. These are largely rural, largely uneducated—but not stupid—individuals whom we do not understand and on

The role of clockspeed in outsourcing decisions for new technologies: insights from the prisoner's dilemma

The importance of industry clockspeed and supplier relationships in make‐buy decisions for new technologies is highlighted, and two new hypotheses that require empirical testing are put forward.

A new perspective on the innovator's dilemma - exploring the role of entrepreneurial incentives

It is argued that entrant firms may be more prone to act entrepreneurially, i.e. more inclined to proactively create or transform markets and build ecosystems, as new technologies frequently require altered behaviour among customers and stakeholders, which is sometimes critical in order to succeed in a technological transition.

2 How Can We Innovate ? – Innovation as a Process

Darwin was right. His famous comment underlines one of the key challenges facing organizations – unless they are prepared to change what they offer the world and the ways they create and deliver


We are in the third millennium, millennium of development intuitive intelligence. Every man and every human group has in its own internal structure a law of evolution. Thus the world was made.

Innovation Culture and Innovation Management

POLYM Inc. Alexander H.: The concept that you develop in your department, I like it a lot. This is exactly what our company needs now—new ideas so that we can continue to develop and grow. This idea

Make-Buy Decisions in the Face of Radical Innovations

Make-buy decisions are an important aspect of the overall strategic plans for most firms, and the introduction of a new and potentially radical technology into an industry should therefore be a cue

Innovation and Corporate Conservatism

In this paper, we study the incentives of firms to promote innovation. We analyze a situation in which an employee in a firm is inspired with an idea for a new product. In a framework in which

Estimating the Innovator’s Dilemma: Structural Analysis of Creative Destruction in the Hard Disk Drive Industry, 1981–1998

This paper studies strategic industry dynamics of creative destruction in which firms and technologies experience turnover. Theories predict that cannibalization between existing and new products



The Decisions of Engineering Design,"IEEE

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A more complete report

  • FAIL Disk Drive Industry,
  • 1992

earthmoving equipment

  • NOTES 1. See Rebecca M. Henderson and Kim B. Clark, "Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Systems andtheFailure of Established Firms" Administrative Science Quarterly (35), 1990, 9-30. 2. Tracy Kidder, The Soul of a New Machine
  • 1981

Competitive Advantage (New York

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Patterns of Technological Innovation (London

  • Addison Wesley,
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