The Inhospitable Hospital: Gender and Professionalism in Civil War Medicine

  title={The Inhospitable Hospital: Gender and Professionalism in Civil War Medicine},
  author={Jane E. Schultz},
  journal={Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society},
  pages={363 - 392}
  • J. Schultz
  • Published 1 January 1992
  • History
  • Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
^A M E R I CA N W O M E N were enthusiastic in their support of medical efforts during the Civil War. They used their homes, schools, and churches as manufactories for medical and sanitary supplies distributed by benevolent organizations. Although the majority of women stayed at home to farm or look after business interests, a sizable number went to work outside of the home in order to support families left indigent by the absence of male breadwinners who had become soldiers.1 Of those who left… 
“Are We Not All Soldiers?”: Northern Women in the Civil War Hospital Service
A photograph of three women in dark dresses, white aprons, and beehivelike white hats has been used by historians throughout the 20th Century as evidence that young, uniformed nurses served in
Earning the Rank of Respect: One Woman's Passage from Victorian Propriety to Battlefront Responsibility
Like Civil War soldiers, nurses in the Northern forces found it difficult to sustain the conflicting duties to home, nation, and army. It was especially difficult for women to assume responsibilities
The Nurse, the Veteran, and the Female Scientist: Dependency and Separation
The discourse that emerged around the female nurses who served in American Civil War hospitals has been a major topic in the debate about nineteenth-century gender relations. What remains obscure,
The Civil War marked American women’s entry into the arena of public nursing. The influential reformer and advocate for the mentally ill, Dorothea Lynde Dix, was appointed Superintendent of Female
Battle Time: Gender, Modernity, and Confederate Hospitals
The presence and perseverance of female nurses in Confederate hospitals freed women from the patriarchal control of Old South gender relations and accelerated social change. This article applies the
Dangerous Liaisons: Working Women and Sexual Justice in the American Civil War
The American Civil War drew thousands of white and black women into paid and unpaid work for the Union and Confederate armies.  While the armies provided some women with a reliable income, their very
Introduction : Waging Health: Women in Nineteenth-Century American Wars
Thinking of war from a U.S.-American perspective will almost immediately evoke associations of male soldiers fighting heroic battles for a good cause such as democracy and/or the liberation of people
Health, medicine, and power in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, 1869--1945
This dissertation examines the social history of medicine in the Salt Lake Valley, Utah, from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. It contends that race and class played disproportionate
Gendered spaces, gendered pages: Union women in Civil War nurse narratives
This interdisciplinary analysis joins literary and culture studies with history using Daphne Spain's theory of gendered spaces. Specifically, we examine the reconfiguration of the spaces of military
"A paradox of power and marginality" : New Zealand nurses' professional campaign during war, 1900-1920 : thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in History at Massey University
In this thesis the paradoxes faced by New Zealand nurses as they set out to prove their abilities as nurses to the soldiers in World War I are examined in the context of the wider issue of


Cairo's Civil War Angel
  • Women Doctors in Gilded-Age Washington: Race, Gender, and Professionalization
  • 1961
); and the Mary Ann Ball Bickerdyke Collection, Manuscript Division
  • The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten
  • 1961
Ann Arbor; letters of Jennie Fyfe in the Fyfe Family Collection