The Inheritance of Acquired Characters and the Provisional Hypothesis of Pangenesis

  title={The Inheritance of Acquired Characters and the Provisional Hypothesis of Pangenesis},
  author={C. Zirkle},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  pages={417 - 445}
  • C. Zirkle
  • Published 1935
  • Biology
  • The American Naturalist
1. Lamarck was neither the first nor the most distinguished biologist to believe in the inheritance of acquired characters. He merely endorsed a belief which had been generally accepted for at least 2,200 years before his time and used it to explain how evolution could have taken place. The inheritance of acquired characters had been accepted previously by Hippocrates, Aristotle, Galen (?), Roger Bacon, Jerome Cardan, Levinus Lemnius, John Ray, Michael Adanson, Jo. Fried. Blumenbach and Erasmus… Expand
Sources of Giftedness in Nature and Nurture: Historical Origins of Enduring Controversies
Theories of evolution inspired nineteenth-century scientists to investigate the effects of physical and mental traits upon heredity. The controversies that arose are divisible into two consecutiveExpand
Heredity determined by the environment: Lamarckian ideas in modern molecular biology.
It is demonstrated that IAC is a special case of genotype × environment interactions requiring certain genotypes and, as a rule, prolonged exposure to the inducing influence, so as to contribute towards synthesis of the Lamarckian and Darwinian evolutionary conceptions. Expand
The Significance of Mendel's Work for the Theory of Evolution; Specifically Birth and Development of the Mendelian Paradigm of Genetics: a Review
Gregor Mendel complemented Darwin's theory by presenting in his corpuscular theory of inheritance solutions to both problems, and showed that the hereditary material is constituted of independent and discrete elements which recombine during the gamete formation and fertilization in sexual reproduction of organisms thus creating a huge amount of persistent genetic variation. Expand
Micromerism in Biological Theory
The term "micromerism" was coined by Delage, who has given the most complete exposition and criticism of the various theories on this topic that occurs in biological literature, which represents a special form of atomism applied to the organic world. Expand
Developmental plasticity, genetic assimilation, and the evolutionary diversification of sexual expression in Solanum.
Plasticity has been lost independently in sections Acanthophora and Lasiocarpa and the consequence of its loss results in evolutionary diversification of sexual expression, and Parsimony and Bayesian reconstructions demonstrate that plasticity is ancestral among the species studied. Expand
Encontro de história e filosofia da biologia 2014: caderno de resumos
The purpose of this paper is to present and describe the development of a Philosophy for Children modeled science dialogue and its contribution to the teaching of some episode from classical geneticsExpand
Usefulness of a Concept Called Autonomous Selection
The concept of autonomous selection is introduced to refer to a source of selection that is part of the individuals upon which it acts, and it is argued for the special importance of individuals’ processes that do not just influence those individuals' adaptations, but also accelerate the adaptive evolution of those individuals. Expand
Epididymosomes: The Black Box of Darwin's Pangenesis?
Edisidymosomes could be considered as an attractive candidate for the storage of RNA contents, changing the epigenome of the next generations, and allowing the reappearance acquired characteristics (ACs) of ancestors. Expand
Cognitive neuroepigenetics: the next evolution in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying learning and memory?
The evidence supporting a role for neuroepigenetic mechanisms, which constitute dynamic and reversible, state-dependent modifications at all levels of control over cellular function, and their role in learning and memory are discussed. Expand
Recombination as a driver of genome evolution : characterisation of biased gene conversion in mice
These findings are consistent with the hypothesis of a selective pressure restraining the intensity of the deleterious gBGC process at the population-scale: this would materialise through a multi-level compensation of the effective population size by the recombination rate, the length of conversion tracts and the transmission bias. Expand


  • Centralb., 8: 491-499.
  • 1888
  • Genetic, 10: 251-298.
  • 1933
All the plroplrytees of thlylges, Westmillster. Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich 1795
  • Gottinlgeii. 1795. ''Elemllenlts of Physiology
  • 1928
Albertus Magnus 1890-1899
  • History of Animals
  • 1910
  • Roy. Soc. Edivb., 16: 91-116.
  • 1889
'Paracelsus,'" London
  • Haeckel, Erllst 1896. "The History of Creatiorn," New York.
  • 1887
The Workmanship of God," Buffalo
  • de Lamarck, J. B. A. P. Monlnet 1873. "' Philosophie Zoologique,'' Paris.
  • 1886
Oeuvres completes," Paris
  • 1886. "The Genuine Works of Hippocrates," New York. St. Isidore of Seville 1911. ' Etymologiarum,
  • 1839
'Oeuvres d 'Hist
  • Nat.,'" Neuchatel.
  • 1781
Aliti-er piae. de Maillet, Benroit 1797