The Influence of Head Growth in Fetal Life, Infancy, and Childhood on Intelligence at the Ages of 4 and 8 Years

@article{Gale2006TheIO,
  title={The Influence of Head Growth in Fetal Life, Infancy, and Childhood on Intelligence at the Ages of 4 and 8 Years},
  author={Catharine R. Gale and Finbar O'callaghan and Maria Bredow and Christopher N. Martyn},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2006},
  volume={118},
  pages={1486 - 1492}
}
OBJECTIVE. We investigated the effects of head growth prenatally, during infancy, and during later periods of development on cognitive function at the ages of 4 and 8 years. METHODS. We studied 633 term-born children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort whose head circumference was measured at birth and at regular intervals thereafter. Their cognitive function was assessed with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence at the age of 4 years and with the… 
Influence of prenatal and postnatal growth on intellectual functioning in school-aged children.
TLDR
Physical growth in early infancy (and, to a lesser extent, physical growth in late infancy and at birth) is associated with IQ at 9 years of age, suggesting early infancy may be a critical window for human development.
Timing and trajectories of fetal growth related to cognitive development in childhood.
TLDR
Overall, larger fetal size in the second and third trimesters was positively associated with childhood development, and Fetal growth trajectories may matter beyond birth.
Associations of birth size, infancy, and childhood growth with intelligence quotient at 5 years of age: a Danish cohort study
TLDR
In children born at term in an affluent country with free access to health care, higher IQ was seen with greater size at birth and greater weight gain in infancy and in term-born children living in high-income countries.
University of Southern Denmark Associations of birth size, infancy, and childhood growth with intelligence quotient at 5 years of age
Background: The correlates of prenatal and postnatal growth on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in childhood in term-born children living in high-income countries are not well known. Objectives: We
Growth in early life and physical and intellectual development at school age: a cohort study.
TLDR
Postnatal weight and height gain through early life and related these measurements to the nutritional status and intellectual development of the same children when they were between 7 and 9 years old were examined.
Prenatal and Postnatal Growth and Cognitive Abilities at 56 Months of Age: A Longitudinal Study of Infants Born at Term
TLDR
The findings suggest that, even within the range of children born at term, prenatal and postnatal growth in body size are associated with individual differences in cognitive abilities.
Childhood Head Growth and Educational Attainment in an Indian Cohort.
BACKGROUND This is minimal information about the association of head growth at different stages of childhood with cognitive ability. OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship of newborn head size and
Head Growth and Intelligence from Birth to Adulthood in Very Preterm and Term Born Individuals
TLDR
This longitudinal investigation from birth to adulthood indicates head growth as a proxy of brain development and intelligence indicates Repeated early head circumference assessment adds valuable information when screening for long-term neurocognitive risk.
Developmental correlates of head circumference at birth and two years in a cohort of extremely low gestational age newborns.
TLDR
Among extremely low gestational age newborns, microcephaly at 2 years, but not at birth, is associated with motor and cognitive impairment at age 2, with risks increased if the child also had cerebral white matter damage on a cranial ultrasound scan obtained 2 years previously.
Associations of childhood head growth with health and human capital in adult life and in the next generation
TLDR
Associations of early life maternal and paternal head growth with next generation birth weight suggest that they result from genetic factors which are non-modifiable or persisting environment between generations, which might help increase next-generation birth weight.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Very low birth weight infants: effects of brain growth during infancy on intelligence quotient at 3 years of age.
TLDR
Brain growth at 8 months significantly influenced 3 year IQ at 3 years of age among very low birth weight infants, even when medical and sociodemographic variables were controlled.
Critical periods of brain growth and cognitive function in children.
TLDR
The results suggest that brain growth during infancy and early childhood is more important than growth during foetal life in determining cognitive function.
Children with superior intelligence at 7 years of age: a prospective study of the influence of perinatal, medical, and socioeconomic factors.
Perinatal and medical information, growth, and the social background of 258 children who, in a prospective study, had superior intelligence at 7 years of age were reviewed. The subjects were divided
Foetal and postnatal head growth and risk of cognitive decline in old age.
TLDR
People who had a larger head circumference as an adult gained significantly higher scores on the intelligence test on both testing occasions and were less likely to show a decline in memory performance over the follow-up period.
Head circumference in ELBW babies is associated with learning difficulties and cognition but not ADHD in the school‐aged child
This study examines whether a small head circumference (HC) and low head‐circumference growth velocity (HGV) during the first year of life predict consequences at school age in learning, cognition,
Head Circumference and Developmental Ability at the Age of Seven Years
TLDR
Significant positive correlations were found between head circumference and developmental scores in the SGA and LGA groups, mainly due to associations between relatively small heads and low scores.
Intellectual and Psychological Performance in Males Born Small for Gestational Age With and Without Catch-Up Growth
TLDR
The data strongly support the view that, for males born SGA, it is an advantage to have catch-up growth in length, and among SGA-born males, the most important predictor was the absence of catch- up growth.
Newborn head size and neurological status. Predictors of growth and development of low birth weight infants.
TLDR
Review of neonatal data indicated that head circumference less than the tenth percentile at birth and abnormal neurological examination in the newborn period were important predictors of outcome, and microcephaly was substantially related to poor intellectual attainment.
ALSPAC--the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. I. Study methodology.
TLDR
The comprehensiveness of the ALSPAC approach with a total population sample unselected by disease status, and the availability of parental genotypes, provides an adequate sample for statistical analysis and for avoiding spurious results.
DISPROPORTIONATE INTRA‐UTERINE HEAD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME
TLDR
No clinically meaningful differences in developmental outcome were found between the infants with relatively small heads and the remainder of the infants.
...
1
2
3
...