The Influence of Acoustic and Semantic Similarity on Long-term Memory for Word Sequences

@article{Baddeley1966TheIO,
  title={The Influence of Acoustic and Semantic Similarity on Long-term Memory for Word Sequences},
  author={Alan D Baddeley},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={1966},
  volume={18},
  pages={302 - 309}
}
  • A. Baddeley
  • Published 1 November 1966
  • Psychology
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
It has been shown that short-term memory (STM) for word sequences is grossly impaired when acoustically similar words are used, but is relatively unaffected by semantic similarity. This study tests the hypothesis that long-term memory (LTM) will be similarly affected. In Experiment I subjects attempted to learn one of four lists of 10 words. The lists comprised either acoustically or semantically similar words (A and C) or control words of equal frequency (B and D). Lists were learned for four… 

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Short-term Memory for Word Sequences as a Function of Acoustic, Semantic and Formal Similarity

  • A. Baddeley
  • Physics, Psychology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1966
TLDR
A large and significant effect of acoustic similarity was shown on short-term memory of sequences of words which had a similar letter structure but were pronounced differently, with acoustically similar but formally dissimilar words and with control sequences.

Acoustic confusions in immediate memory.

Sequences of 6 letters of the alphabet were visually presented for immediate recall to 387 subjects. Errors showed a systematic relationship to original stimuli. This is held to meet a requirement of