The Influence of Acoustic and Semantic Similarity on Long-term Memory for Word Sequences

@article{Baddeley1966TheIO,
  title={The Influence of Acoustic and Semantic Similarity on Long-term Memory for Word Sequences},
  author={Alan D Baddeley},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  year={1966},
  volume={18},
  pages={302 - 309}
}
  • A. Baddeley
  • Published 1966
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
It has been shown that short-term memory (STM) for word sequences is grossly impaired when acoustically similar words are used, but is relatively unaffected by semantic similarity. This study tests the hypothesis that long-term memory (LTM) will be similarly affected. In Experiment I subjects attempted to learn one of four lists of 10 words. The lists comprised either acoustically or semantically similar words (A and C) or control words of equal frequency (B and D). Lists were learned for four… Expand
How Does Acoustic Similarity Influence Short-Term Memory?
  • A. Baddeley
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1968
TLDR
All three experiments show a parallel rate of forgetting for acoustically similar and control sequences, suggesting that the acoustic similarity effect does not occur during storage and is due to the overloading of retrieval cues. Expand
Short-term Memory for Word Sequences as a Function of Acoustic, Semantic and Formal Similarity
  • A. Baddeley
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1966
TLDR
A large and significant effect of acoustic similarity was shown on short-term memory of sequences of words which had a similar letter structure but were pronounced differently, with acoustically similar but formally dissimilar words and with control sequences. Expand
The Influence of Acoustic Similarity on Serial Recall of Letter Sequences
Acoustic similarity is known to impair short-term memory (STM) for letter sequences. The present series of experiments investigated the effects of acoustic similarity on long-term retention. In theExpand
Acoustic confusion in long term memory.
TLDR
The finding that the acoustically similar words were rated significantly higher than the non-related words, indicates acoustic confusion in LTM, and the theoretical problems involved in holding short term memory to be an auditory system are considered. Expand
Simultaneous Acoustic and Semantic Coding in Short-term Memory
IT has been suggested1,2 that memory for verbal material comprises two components, one of which is labile and depends on the acoustic properties of the words while the other, which is more durable,Expand
Acoustic similarity effects on retrieval from secondary memory
TLDR
Temporal overlap during list presentation of the acoustically related traces in primary memory appears to be a sufficient condition for acoustic information to play an important role during retrieval from SM. Expand
Word Familiarity and Retention
These experiments examine the relationship between subjects' familiarity judgements of words of similar (low) frequency and their recall or recognition of these words. The expected relationshipExpand
Phonological Short-term Memory and the Learning of Novel Words: The Effect of Phonological Similarity and Item Length
The investigation of a patient with a selective impairment of phonological short-term memory has recently provided evidence that this system may be involved in long-term learning of novel words, forExpand
Keeping it together: Semantic coherence stabilizes phonological sequences in short-term memory
TLDR
The data show, for naturalistic input, that when meaning emerges from the combination of words, the phonological traces that support language are reinforced by a semantic-binding process that has been largely overlooked by past short-term memory research. Expand
Adaptive use of semantic representations and phonological representations in verbal memory maintenance
Abstract Findings from serial recall tasks, such as a recall disadvantage for long words (known as the word length effect or WLE), have suggested that individuals rely on phonological representationsExpand
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References

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Short-term Memory for Word Sequences as a Function of Acoustic, Semantic and Formal Similarity
  • A. Baddeley
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1966
TLDR
A large and significant effect of acoustic similarity was shown on short-term memory of sequences of words which had a similar letter structure but were pronounced differently, with acoustically similar but formally dissimilar words and with control sequences. Expand
The effect of semantic similarity on retroactive interference in long- and short-term memory
Experiment I showed RI effects in long-term memory for pairs of adjectives in the classical RI paradigm (Learn A′-B, Learn A-C, Restest A-B, where A and A′ are adjectives with similar meanings).Expand
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Summary This study deals with the relationship between STM and PA learning. The first three experiments were an attempt to determine if traditional variables of PA learning had the expected effect onExpand
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Sequences of 6 letters of the alphabet were visually presented for immediate recall to 387 subjects. Errors showed a systematic relationship to original stimuli. This is held to meet a requirement ofExpand
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It is well established that if a formally noninterfering task which minimizes rehearsal is interposed between presentation and recall of a short consonant sequence, recall lessens as retentionExpand
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Summary Three experiments were performed to determine the relationship between certain variables influencing proactive inhibition in long-term retention of lists of verbal items and the influence ofExpand
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Publisher Summary This chapter reviews experimental methods and findings in the study of short-term retention and incidental learning. There are important continuities between the theoretical andExpand
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