The Industrial Relations of Science: Chemical Engineering at MIT, 1900-1939

  title={The Industrial Relations of Science: Chemical Engineering at MIT, 1900-1939},
  author={John W. Servos},
  pages={531 - 549}
THE CREATION OF INSTITUTIONS for the direct application of scientific theory and methods to industrial problems has been a prominent aspect of the development of science during the past century. From the 1870s business firms in Germany began to use significant numbers of scientists for more than such limited purposes as quality control; science became essential to the product and process innovation upon which entire industries depended. ' By 1900 in Germany and by 1920 in America, businessmen… 
Professional Autonomy, the State and Employers: The Politics of Chemical Engineering 'Manpower' in Britain, 1939-90
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George E. Davis (1850–1907): Transition From Consultant Chemist to Consultant Chemical Engineer in a Period of Economic Pressure
This article explores how George Davis’s vision for chemical engineering was contingent upon both the national economic conditions of the period (1870–1900) and the critical transition to more
The Emergence and Change of Materials Science and Engineering in the United States
Availability of external funding influences the viability and structure of scientific fields. In the 1980s, structural changes in the manner in which external funds became available started to have
Identity through alliances: the British chemical engineer
The development of a professional identity is particularly interesting for those occupations that have a troubled emergence. The hinterland between science and technology accommodates many such
Industrial Chemistry and its Changing Patrons at the University of Liverpool, 1926-1951
This paper examines how the orientation of British universities to national problems during and immediately after World War II impacted their existing networks of local support. It draws on a range
Le régime de recherche utilitaire du professeur‐consultant au cours de la Seconde Révolution industrielle
During the Second Industrial revolution, consulting professor bridged higher education institutions with industry and government. A concept like the utilitarian research regime by Terry Shinn can
The Impact of Research and Education on Industry
This paper provides a comparative analysis of the relationship of science and technology research capacity and the development of education systems to industrial performance. In an exploration which
Converting Academic Expertize into Industrial Innovation: University-based Research at Solvay and Gevaert, 1900–1970
The question this article seeks to address relates to the strategies deployed by the chemical firms Solvay & Co. and Gevaert N.V.—two multinationals operating in a highly innovative sector and
Rethinking the Relationship Between Academia and Industry: Qualitative Case Studies of MIT and Stanford
The author proposes a concept of balance to reconsider the relationship between academia and industry: today's universities, particularly those with strengths in engineering and management, are both symbiotic and interdependent with industry.
Instrument Makers and Discipline Builders: The Case of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Crucial to the establishment of a scientific discipline is a body of knowledge organized around a set of instruments, interpretive techniques, and regimes of training in their application. In this


Box 1, Folder 6, Compton Papers. 63Compton to William S. Nutter (vice-president
  • Memorandum of Conversation with Professor Millard regarding the
  • 1931
Box 1, Folder 25
    Report of the Advisory Committee of the Division of Industrial Cooperation