The Industrial Relations of Science: Chemical Engineering at MIT, 1900-1939

@article{Servos1980TheIR,
  title={The Industrial Relations of Science: Chemical Engineering at MIT, 1900-1939},
  author={John W. Servos},
  journal={Isis},
  year={1980},
  volume={71},
  pages={531 - 549}
}
THE CREATION OF INSTITUTIONS for the direct application of scientific theory and methods to industrial problems has been a prominent aspect of the development of science during the past century. From the 1870s business firms in Germany began to use significant numbers of scientists for more than such limited purposes as quality control; science became essential to the product and process innovation upon which entire industries depended. ' By 1900 in Germany and by 1920 in America, businessmen… 
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