The Indian origin of paternal haplogroup R1a1* substantiates the autochthonous origin of Brahmins and the caste system

@article{Sharma2009TheIO,
  title={The Indian origin of paternal haplogroup R1a1* substantiates the autochthonous origin of Brahmins and the caste system},
  author={Swarkar Sharma and Ekta Rai and Prithviraj Sharma and Mamata Jena and Shweta Singh and Katayoon Darvishi and Audesh Bhat and A J S Bhanwer and Pramod Kumar Tiwari and R. N. K. Bamezai},
  journal={Journal of Human Genetics},
  year={2009},
  volume={54},
  pages={47-55}
}
Many major rival models of the origin of the Hindu caste system co-exist despite extensive studies, each with associated genetic evidences. [...] Key Method To resolve these issues, we screened 621 Y-chromosomes (of Brahmins occupying the upper-most caste position and schedule castes/tribals occupying the lower-most positions) with 55 Y-chromosomal binary markers and seven Y-microsatellite markers and compiled an extensive dataset of 2809 Y-chromosomes (681 Brahmins, and 2128 tribals and schedule castes) for…Expand
Population Differentiation of Southern Indian Male Lineages Correlates with Agricultural Expansions Predating the Caste System
TLDR
The utility of detailed local genetic studies within India, without prior assumptions about the importance of Varna rank status for population grouping, is highlighted to obtain new insights into the relative influences of past demographic events for the population structure of the whole of modern India. Expand
Haplogroup R1a as the Proto Indo-Europeans and the Legendary Aryans as Witnessed by the DNA of Their Current Descendants
This article aims at reconstructing history of R1a1 ancient migrations between 20,000 and 3500 years before present (ybp). Four thousand four hundred sixty (4460) haplotypes of haplogroup R1a1 wereExpand
Y-Chromosome Marker Characterization of Epipaleolithic and Neolithic Groups of Southern India
TLDR
The phylogenetic analysis of the two populations revealed six Y-chromosome haplogroups: C, F*, H, K*, L*, and R2, which was predominantly of native origin clustering with other Dravidian tribes of the region. Expand
Y-DNA genetic evidence reveals several different ancient origins in the Brahmin population
  • David G Mahal
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG
  • 2020
TLDR
The study identified the deep ancient origins of Brahmins by tracing their Y-chromosome haplogroups and genetic markers on the Y-DNA phylogenetic tree and confirmed that the progenitors of this group emerged from at least 12 different geographic regions of the world. Expand
Indigenous and foreign Y-chromosomes characterize the Lingayat and Vokkaliga populations of Southwest India.
TLDR
The results revealed that the majority of the Lingayat and Vokkaliga paternal gene pools are composed of four Y-chromosomal haplogroups (H, L, F* and R2) that are frequent in the Indian subcontinent, suggesting gene flow from neighboring south Indian populations and West Asia. Expand
Brief communication: new Y-chromosome binary markers improve phylogenetic resolution within haplogroup R1a1.
TLDR
The detection of the Z93 paternal genetic imprint in the Hungarian Roma gene pool is consistent with South Asian ancestry and amends the view that H1a-M82 is their only discernible paternal lineage of Indian heritage. Expand
Genetic structure of the paternal lineage of the Roma people.
TLDR
An analysis of Y-chromosomal markers from five Roma and two non-Roma populations is provided to investigate the genetic relatedness of the Roma population groups to one another, and to gain further understanding of their likely Indian origins, the genetic contribution of non-roma males to the Roma populations, and the early history of their splits and migrations in Europe. Expand
Y-Chromosome Haplogroup Diversity in Khazar Burials from Southern Russia
Abstract Genetic studies of archaeological burials open up new possibilities for investigating the cultural-historical development of ancient populations, providing objective data that can be used toExpand
Haplogroup R1a, Its Subclades and Branches in Europe During the Last 9,000 Years
This study identifies and describes 38 branches of the haplogroup R1a STR haplotypes which currently exist in Europe or which migrated from Europe to areas in the east, south, and southeast betweenExpand
Brief communication: Allelic and haplotypic structure at the DRD2 locus among five North Indian caste populations.
The dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene, with its known human-specific derived alleles that can facilitate haplotype reconstruction, presents an important locus for anthropological studies. The threeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
The genetic heritage of the earliest settlers persists both in Indian tribal and caste populations.
TLDR
Results show that Indian tribal and caste populations derive largely from the same genetic heritage of Pleistocene southern and western Asians and have received limited gene flow from external regions since the Holocene. Expand
A prehistory of Indian Y chromosomes: evaluating demic diffusion scenarios.
TLDR
The Y-chromosomal data consistently suggest a largely South Asian origin for Indian caste communities and therefore argue against any major influx, from regions north and west of India, of people associated either with the development of agriculture or the spread of the Indo-Aryan language family. Expand
Y-chromosomal insights into the genetic impact of the caste system in India
TLDR
Findings confirm the genetic isolation and drift within the Jaunpur upper castes, which are likely to result from founder effects and social factors, and in the other castes there may be either larger effective population sizes, or less strict isolation, or both. Expand
Genetic affinities among the lower castes and tribal groups of India: inference from Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA
TLDR
The present study suggests that the vast majority (>98%) of the Indian maternal gene pool, consisting of Indio-European and Dravidian speakers, is genetically more or less uniform. Expand
Genetic evidence on the origins of Indian caste populations.
TLDR
It is concluded that Indian castes are most likely to be of proto-Asian origin with West Eurasian admixture resulting in rank-related and sex-specific differences in the genetic affinities of castes to Asians and Europeans. Expand
Independent Origins of Indian Caste and Tribal Paternal Lineages
TLDR
It is found that caste and tribal groups differ significantly in their haplogroup frequency distributions; caste groups are homogeneous for Y chromosome variation and more closely related to each other and to central Asian groups than to Indian tribal or any other Eurasian groups. Expand
Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia
TLDR
This comprehensive characterization of Y-chromosome heritage addresses many multifaceted aspects of Anatolian prehistory, including: the most frequent haplogroup, J, splits into two sub-clades, one of which (J2) shows decreasing variances with increasing latitude, compatible with a northward expansion. Expand
Ethnic India: a genomic view, with special reference to peopling and structure.
We report a comprehensive statistical analysis of data on 58 DNA markers (mitochondrial [mt], Y-chromosomal, and autosomal) and sequence data of the mtHVS1 from a large number of ethnically diverseExpand
Y-chromosome and mtDNA polymorphisms in Iraq, a crossroad of the early human dispersal and of post-Neolithic migrations.
TLDR
The different proportion of long-range genetic input observed for the mtDNA and the Y chromosome appears to indicate that events of gene flow to this area might have involved mainly males rather than females. Expand
High Levels of Y-Chromosome Differentiation among Native Siberian Populations and the Genetic Signature of a Boreal Hunter-Gatherer Way of Life
TLDR
The Siberian pattern of reduced haplogroup diversity within populations combined with high levels of differentiation among populations may be a general feature characteristic of indigenous groups that have small effective population sizes and that have been isolated for long periods of time. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...