The Indian Ocean in Eurasian and African World-Systems before the Sixteenth Century

@article{Beaujard2005TheIO,
  title={The Indian Ocean in Eurasian and African World-Systems before the Sixteenth Century},
  author={Philippe Beaujard},
  journal={Journal of World History},
  year={2005},
  volume={16},
  pages={411 - 465}
}
  • P. Beaujard
  • Published 13 February 2006
  • History, Economics
  • Journal of World History
The rise of towns and states and the expansion of exchange networks have resulted in the formation of various world-systems in Asia, Africa, and Europe since the fourth millennium B.C. In the first century A.D., exchanges transformed the Indian Ocean into a unified space embedded in a Eurasian and African world-system. This system evolved until the sixteenth century through four cycles that saw growing integration of its parts, demographic increase, general growth of commerce and production… 
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