The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia

  title={The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia},
  author={Jos Lelieveld and Paul J. Crutzen and Veerabhadran Ramanathan and M. O. Andreae and C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer and Teresa L. Campos and Glen R. Cass and Russell R. Dickerson and Hubertus Fischer and Joost A. de Gouw and Armin Hansel and Anne J. Jefferson and Dieter Kley and Adrianus de Laat and S. Lal and Mark G. Lawrence and J{\"u}rgen M. Lobert and Olga L. Mayol-Bracero and A. P. Mitra and Tica Novakov and Samuel J. Oltmans and Kimberly A. Prather and Th. Reiner and Henning Rodhe and H. A. Scheeren and Dev Raj Sikka and J. Williams},
  pages={1031 - 1036}
The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was an international, multiplatform field campaign to measure long-range transport of air pollution from South and Southeast Asia toward the Indian Ocean during the dry monsoon season in January to March 1999. Surprisingly high pollution levels were observed over the entire northern Indian Ocean toward the Intertropical Convergence Zone at about 6°S. We show that agricultural burning and especially biofuel use enhance carbon monoxide concentrations. Fossil… 
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