The Incredible Shrinking State

  title={The Incredible Shrinking State},
  author={David A. Lake and Angela O’mahony},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  pages={699 - 722}
The effects of economies of scale in government, trade openness, preference heterogeneity, and regime type are used to explain why the average size of states within the international system nearly doubled between 1816 and 1876 and then contracted over the 20th century. No one variable appears to explain the trend fully. Results suggest that the rise in territorial size during the 19th century is the product of a growing number of federal democracies, which tend to be large, and that the decline… 

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