The Impostor Phenomenon

@article{Sakulku2011TheIP,
  title={The Impostor Phenomenon},
  author={Jaruwan Sakulku and James Alexander},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={6},
  pages={75-97}
}
The Impostor Phenomenon was identified from clinical observations during therapeutic sessions with high achieving women by Dr Pauline Clance. Despite objective evidence of success, these women had a pervasive psychological experience believing that they were intellectual frauds and feared being recognised as impostors.  They suffered from anxiety, fear of failure and dissatisfaction with life.  This article reviews definitions and characteristics of trait Impostorism, some antecedents, such as… 

Tables from this paper

The Imposter Phenomenon in the Medical Profession
The imposter phenomenon, or imposter syndrome, is defined as an internal experience of feeling like an intellectual fraud, despite external evidence of an individual’s accomplishments, and results in
I—What Is Impostor Syndrome?
  • K. Hawley
  • Psychology
    Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume
  • 2019
People are described as suffering from impostor syndrome when they feel that their external markers of success are unwarranted, and fear being revealed as a fraud. Impostor syndrome is commonly
Unmasking of Impostor Syndrome
Members of minority populations are forced to hide behind a mask of stereotypes others associate to them. Individuals who feel fraudulent when they fulfill certain stereotypes, associate their
Being an Imposter: Growing Out of Impostership
  • Sumina Mainali
  • Medicine
    JNMA; journal of the Nepal Medical Association
  • 2020
TLDR
Imposter syndrome is an internal experience of believing that you are not as competent as others perceive you to be, which lowers person's inner self-confidence, self-esteem that impedes work performance.
The Impostor Phenomenon in Mental Health Professionals: Relationships Among Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction
TLDR
Using a survey design with a convenience sample of 158 mental health workers, this study found that imposter phenomenon was positively associated with compassion fatigue, as well as negativelyassociated with compassion satisfaction, when controlling for years of work and age.
Impostor syndrome in hospitalists- a cross-sectional study
TLDR
The prevalence of impostor syndrome is similar in hospitalists to other professions, and a voluntary mentoring program was not associated with lower prevalence.
Veterinarians and impostor syndrome: an exploratory study
TLDR
Veterinarians in general have an alarmingly high prevalence of IS with young, female graduates practising in the UK and NZ at increased risk, and women, UK residents and new practitioners reported higher levels of impact in their professional life.
I'm not all that: a look at the imposter phenomenon in intimate relationships
This study was conducted to examine the possible relationships between individuals experiencing the imposter phenomenon and their attachment styles within intimate relationships. The hypothesis was
Impostorism in third-year medical students: an item analysis using the Clance impostor phenomenon scale
TLDR
Third-year medical students identified most strongly with items related to unfounded fear of failure, hesitance to share recognition before it is announced, remembering failures rather than successes, believing themselves less capable than others, and worrying about succeeding.
Imposter Syndrome and Self-Deception
Many intelligent, capable, and successful individuals believe that their success is due to luck and fear that they will someday be exposed as imposters. A puzzling feature of this phenomenon,
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
Treatment of the Impostor Phenomenon in Psychotherapy Clients
Despite their actual achievements, some successful people believe their abilities have been overestimated and that they will eventually be unmasked as impostors. This paper focuses on the "impostor
The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention.
The term impostor phenomenon is used to designate an int ernal experience of intellectual phonies, which appears to be particularly prevalent and intense among a select sample of high achieving
The imposter phenomenon: Recent research findings regarding dynamics, personality and family patterns and their implications for treatment.
Research on the impostor phenomenon, an experience of feeling incompetent and of having deceived others about one's abilities, is reviewed. Impostor feelings are shown to be associated with such
The Imposter Phenomenon: An Internal Barrier to Empowerment and Achievement
In 1978, Clance and Imes developed the term Imposter Phenomenon (IP) to designate an internal experience of intellectual phoniness that seemed to be particularly prevalent among a select sample of
Perfectionism, the impostor phenomenon and psychological adjustment in medical, dental, nursing and pharmacy students
TLDR
Strong associations were found between current psychological distress, perfectionism and impostor feelings within each programme and these character traits were stronger predictors of psychological adjustment than most of the demographic variables associated previously with distress in health professional students.
Exploring the Validity of the Impostor Phenomenon
This study empirically tested prior theoretical speculations and clinical observations concerning the impostor phenomenon. The cognitive and affective experiences of “impostors” and nonimpostors were
Attributional and affective responses of impostors to academic success and failure outcomes
Abstract Individuals who suffer from impostor fears harbour secret intense feelings of fraudulence in the face of achievement tasks and situations. This study investigated affective and attributional
Perceived fraudulence in young adults: is there an "imposter syndrome"?
TLDR
Correlational patterns and regression analyses supported the investigators' conceptualization of perceived fraudulence as involving a combination of fraudulent ideation, depressive tendencies, self-criticism, social anxiety, achievement pressures, and self-monitoring skills.
Impostor fears and perfectionistic concern over mistakes
Abstract Impostors are outwardly successful individuals who experience secret intense feelings of fraudulence in achievement situations. Elements of perfectionism are evident in a tendency on the
Applying the Big Five Personality Factors to the Impostor Phenomenon
TLDR
Results of correlational and regression analyses support the predicted relations of imposter measures with high Neuroticism and low Conscientiousness and showed that depression and anxiety were particularly important characteristics of those with imposter feelings as well as low self-discipline and perceived competence.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...