The Importance of Indirect Effects in Media Effects Research: Testing for Mediation in Structural Equation Modeling

  title={The Importance of Indirect Effects in Media Effects Research: Testing for Mediation in Structural Equation Modeling},
  author={R. Lance Holbert and Michael T. Stephenson},
  journal={Journal of Broadcasting \& Electronic Media},
  pages={556 - 572}
This essay addresses the need for media effects researchers to decompose their structural equation models. We highlight the importance of studying specific indirect effects within a conditional effects framework and discuss how the lack of analysis of this type of effect in structural equation modeling does not fit well with the discipline's theoretical foundations. We summarize several classes of mediation formulas and make recommendations for the estimation and testing of mediating… 
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