The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being

  title={The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being},
  author={Isaac M. Lipkusa and Claudia Dalbert and Ilene C. Siegler},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={666 - 677}
Studies have shown that the belief in a just world (BJW) is related to psychological well-being. The authors suggest that studies exploring this relationship might benefit by making the distinction between the BJW for self versus for others or in general. In two studies, the authors assessed subjects' perceptions of depression, stress, and life satisfaction for self and for others. Subjects also completed measures of the five-factor model of personality. As predicted, the BJW for self most… 
Looking ahead through lenses of justice: the relevance of just-world beliefs to intentions and confidence in the future.
The present research examines the implications of two types of just-world belief for aspects of motivation and ideation about the future in young British adults living in assisted accommodation and finds BJW-self predicted confidence in the realization of goals, but was inversely related to delinquent intentions.
The Belief in a Just World and Personality: A Meta-analysis
Several meta-analyses using twelve studies were conducted, combining different forms of the belief in a just world (BJW) and the five-factor model in order to determine possible relationships between
Belief in a just world, justice concerns, and well-being at Portuguese schools
This article investigates the meaning of the belief in a just world (BJW) for justice cognition at school and for subjective well-being. We hypothesized that BJW should serve as a resource helping to
Personality, values and belief in a just world


Belief in a just world: Review and critique of the individual difference literature.
This article attempts a critical review of the literature on self-reported just world beliefs a decade after the last major review. The main focus of the review is on the relationship between
Belief in a Just World and Depression
This paper explores the relationship between a belief in a just world and depression. Building on the work of Pearlin, Lieberman, Menaghan, and Mullan (1981), we investigate the role that a belief in
Adding Liebe und Arbeit: The Full Five-Factor Model and Well-Being
Neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience have been shown to have systematic effects on psychological well being. The remaining dimensions in the five-factor model of
Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.
Research suggesting that certain illusions may be adaptive for mental health and well-being is reviewed, examining evidence that a set of interrelated positive illusions—namely, unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism—can serve a wide variety of cognitive, affective, and social functions.
Beliefs in a Just World, Discontent, and Assertive Actions by Working Women
Seventy working women completed a questionnaire that assessed their dissatisfaction with their own job situation (personal discontent), their dissatisfaction with the job situations of women as a
Personality, gender, and “just world” beliefs
This study investigated the personality correlates of just world beliefs (Rubin & Peplau, 1975) among a sample of Australian undergraduates (93 males; 103 females). Results showed none of the major
Effects of justice beliefs on cognitive appraisal of and subjective, physiological, and behavioral responses to potential stress.
Individuals high in just world beliefs had more benign cognitive appraisals of the stress tasks, rated the tasks as less stressful post hoc, had autonomic reactions consistent with challenge (vs. threat), and outperformed Ss low injust world beliefs.
On traits and temperament: general and specific factors of emotional experience and their relation to the five-factor model.
The results for Neuroticism and Extraversion further clarify the temperamental basis of these higher order trait dimensions; whereas those obtained for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness illustrate the importance of examining personality-affect relations at the lower order level.
Belief in a Just World and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Foreign Workers: A Cultural Comparison Between Hawaii and Germany
University students in Hawaii (N= 171) and in Germany (N= 61) completed the 6-item Belief in a Just World Scale (BJWS; Dalbert, Montada, & Schmitt, 1987), an instrument developed in Germany to