The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being

@article{Lipkusa1996TheIO,
  title={The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being},
  author={Isaac M. Lipkusa and C. Dalbert and I. Siegler},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={1996},
  volume={22},
  pages={666 - 677}
}
Studies have shown that the belief in a just world (BJW) is related to psychological well-being. The authors suggest that studies exploring this relationship might benefit by making the distinction between the BJW for self versus for others or in general. In two studies, the authors assessed subjects' perceptions of depression, stress, and life satisfaction for self and for others. Subjects also completed measures of the five-factor model of personality. As predicted, the BJW for self most… Expand
Justice for all, or just for me? More evidence of the importance of the self-other distinction in just-world beliefs
Abstract Recent research shows that the belief that the world is fair to the self (BJW-self) is associated with indices of psychological health, whereas the belief that the world is fair to othersExpand
Belief in a just world for oneself versus others, social goals, and subjective well-being
The belief in a just world (BJW) affects subjective well-being and social behavior. However, its role in shaping the social goals that underlie behavior has not been investigated. Informed by theExpand
The adaptive, approach-oriented correlates of belief in a just world for the self: A review of the research
Abstract Over the past 50+ years researchers have dedicated considerable effort towards studying the belief in a just world (BJW). A significant development in the field was the introduction of theExpand
Looking ahead through lenses of justice: the relevance of just-world beliefs to intentions and confidence in the future.
TLDR
The present research examines the implications of two types of just-world belief for aspects of motivation and ideation about the future in young British adults living in assisted accommodation and finds BJW-self predicted confidence in the realization of goals, but was inversely related to delinquent intentions. Expand
The Belief in a Just World and Personality: A Meta-analysis
Several meta-analyses using twelve studies were conducted, combining different forms of the belief in a just world (BJW) and the five-factor model in order to determine possible relationships betweenExpand
Just world beliefs and forgiveness: The mediating role of implicit theories of relationships
Abstract The belief in a just world (BJW) influences how people navigate their relationships. BJW effects differ depending on the extent to which one's BJW is concerned with the self (BJW-self) andExpand
Belief in a just world, justice concerns, and well-being at Portuguese schools
This article investigates the meaning of the belief in a just world (BJW) for justice cognition at school and for subjective well-being. We hypothesized that BJW should serve as a resource helping toExpand
Through the lens of justice: Just world beliefs mediate relationships between perceived discrimination and subjective well-being
Abstract Previous research has found that experiences with discrimination are often associated with lower levels of well-being among ethnic minority members, but hardly any attention has been givenExpand
Personality, values and belief in a just world
This study investigated the relationship between general belief in a just world (BJW) and different values (conformity, security, self-direction) as well as personality traits (Five-Factor-Model ofExpand
Justice and the belief in a just world: A developmental perspective
In the present study, the relationships among the developments of beliefs in a just world (BJW; i.e., a principle to perceive the world as orderly and just), moral development, and attitudes towardExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Belief in a just world: Review and critique of the individual difference literature.
This article attempts a critical review of the literature on self-reported just world beliefs a decade after the last major review. The main focus of the review is on the relationship betweenExpand
Belief in a Just World and Depression
This paper explores the relationship between a belief in a just world and depression. Building on the work of Pearlin, Lieberman, Menaghan, and Mullan (1981), we investigate the role that a belief inExpand
Adding Liebe und Arbeit: The Full Five-Factor Model and Well-Being
Neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience have been shown to have systematic effects on psychological well being. The remaining dimensions in the five-factor model ofExpand
Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.
TLDR
Research suggesting that certain illusions may be adaptive for mental health and well-being is reviewed, examining evidence that a set of interrelated positive illusions—namely, unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism—can serve a wide variety of cognitive, affective, and social functions. Expand
Beliefs in a Just World, Discontent, and Assertive Actions by Working Women
Seventy working women completed a questionnaire that assessed their dissatisfaction with their own job situation (personal discontent), their dissatisfaction with the job situations of women as aExpand
Personality, gender, and “just world” beliefs
This study investigated the personality correlates of just world beliefs (Rubin & Peplau, 1975) among a sample of Australian undergraduates (93 males; 103 females). Results showed none of the majorExpand
Effects of justice beliefs on cognitive appraisal of and subjective, physiological, and behavioral responses to potential stress.
TLDR
Individuals high in just world beliefs had more benign cognitive appraisals of the stress tasks, rated the tasks as less stressful post hoc, had autonomic reactions consistent with challenge (vs. threat), and outperformed Ss low injust world beliefs. Expand
On traits and temperament: general and specific factors of emotional experience and their relation to the five-factor model.
TLDR
The results for Neuroticism and Extraversion further clarify the temperamental basis of these higher order trait dimensions; whereas those obtained for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness illustrate the importance of examining personality-affect relations at the lower order level. Expand
Belief in a Just World and Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Foreign Workers: A Cultural Comparison Between Hawaii and Germany
University students in Hawaii (N= 171) and in Germany (N= 61) completed the 6-item Belief in a Just World Scale (BJWS; Dalbert, Montada, & Schmitt, 1987), an instrument developed in Germany toExpand
Inequity In Social Exchange
Publisher Summary The process of exchange is almost continual in human interactions, and appears to have characteristics peculiar to itself, and to generate affect, motivation, and behavior thatExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...