The Importance of Challenge for the Enjoyment of Intrinsically Motivated, Goal-Directed Activities

  title={The Importance of Challenge for the Enjoyment of Intrinsically Motivated, Goal-Directed Activities},
  author={Sami Abuhamdeh and Mih{\'a}ly Cs{\'i}kszentmih{\'a}lyi},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={317 - 330}
Although early interview-based analyses of the enjoyment of intrinsically motivated, goal-directed activities (e.g., chess, rock climbing, art making) suggested the importance of relatively difficult, “optimal” challenges, subsequent findings derived from a wider range of activities have not provided consistent support for this proposition. Two studies were conducted to clarify the relation between challenge and enjoyment. Study 1 focused on a single activity—Internet chess. The importance of… 

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