The Implications of Marijuana Decriminalization and Legalization on Crime in the United States

@article{Maier2017TheIO,
  title={The Implications of Marijuana Decriminalization and Legalization on Crime in the United States},
  author={Shana L Maier and Suzanne M. Mannes and E. Koppenhofer},
  journal={Contemporary Drug Problems},
  year={2017},
  volume={44},
  pages={125 - 146}
}
Through 2014 Uniform Crime Report (UCR) data for all 50 U.S. states, this research explores the relationship between decriminalization and recreational and medical marijuana legalization and crime rates and arrests for drug abuse violations. When comparing states that changed their marijuana laws between 2010 and 2014 to states without any change, results indicate that any decrease in crime rate was not dependent upon changes in laws. Results indicate that while the trend is for property and… 

Tables from this paper

Examining the effects of legalizing marijuana in Colorado and Washington on clearance rates: a quasi-experimental design
Objective This study follows the lead of Makin et al. ( Police Quarterly 22(1): 31–55, 2019) who found that marijuana legalization is associated with a marginal increase in clearance rates for some
Cannabis in the capital: exploring the spatial association between medical marijuana dispensaries and crime
ABSTRACT The legalization of medical marijuana remains a controversial policy. An important dimension of marijuana legalization is the siting of dispensaries and their influence on a surrounding
The Social Impacts of Cannabis Legalization In Oregon: A Case Study
● Long held assumptions about various drugs or substances being unavoidably dangerous for society might not hold as true as once believed. Ulterior sources of input like personal morality or faith
Today was not a good day: offender accounts of the incidents that led to their admission to drug court
TLDR
Analysis of intake data from a drug court found that a large number of drug court participants were arrested for the possession of one drug only and that more than half of participants came to the attention of the criminal justice system through a traffic stop rather than through repeated encounters with thecriminal justice system.
Societal Costs and Outcomes of Medical and Recreational Marijuana Policies in the United States: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Assessment of the literature pertaining to adolescent marijuana use, opioid use and opioid-related outcomes, and studies on use of other substances found MMLs and RMLs do not generate negative outcomes in the labor market, lead to greater criminal activity, or reduce traffic and road safety.
National Strategy Against Narcotics, Drug Control Policy, and Law Enforcement Experiences in Kosovo
National Strategy Against Narcotics, Drug Control Policy, and Law Enforcement Experiences in Kosovo By Ferid Azemi MS, Boston University, 2011 BS, American Intercontinental University, 2009
Depenalization, diversion and decriminalization: A realist review and programme theory of alternatives to criminalization for simple drug possession
Alternatives to criminalization for the simple possession of illicit drugs are increasingly of interest to policy makers. But there is no existing theoretically based, empirically tested framework
Drug decriminalization policy. Literature review: models, implementation and outcomes.
The report aims to identify legal frameworks, models, and implementation practices of the decriminalization policies and to assess their empirical results. Statistics show that the prevalence of drug
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 114 REFERENCES
The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Crime: Evidence from State Panel Data, 1990-2006
TLDR
Analysis of association between state MML and state crime rates for all Part I offenses collected by the FBI did not indicate a crime exacerbating effect of MML on any of the Part II offenses, and findings run counter to arguments suggesting the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes poses a danger to public health.
The War on Marijuana in Black and White
This report is the first to examine marijuana possession arrest rates by race for all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) and their respective counties from 2001 to 2010. The report relies on
The Impact of Marijuana Law Enforcement in an Economic Model of Crime
TLDR
The results suggest that marijuana arrests are associated with increases in homicides, burglaries, motor vehicle thefts, and larcenies along with subsequent increases in hard drug arrests, which raise significant questions about the merits of policies that focus on criminal justice approaches to marijuana control.
Dose of Reality: The Effect of State Marijuana Legalizations
In November 2012 voters in the states of Colorado and Washington approved ballot initiatives that legalized marijuana for recreational use. Two years later, Alaska and Oregon followed suit. As many
The impact of state medical marijuana legislation on adolescent marijuana use.
Medical Marijuana and Social Control: Escaping Criminalization and Embracing Medicalization
The medicalization of marijuana represents an evolving trend across the United States, yet researchers have yet to focus on the reasons users obtain cannabis licenses or the changing methods of State
Considering marijuana legalization carefully: insights for other jurisdictions from analysis for Vermont.
TLDR
Analysis of possible outcomes if Vermont, USA, legalized marijuana reveal that choices about how, and not just whether, to legalize a drug can have profound consequences for the effects on health and social wellbeing, and the choices of one jurisdiction can affect the options and incentives available to other jurisdictions.
Exploring the ecological association between crime and medical marijuana dispensaries.
TLDR
The results suggest that the density of medical marijuana dispensaries may not be associated with crime rates or that other factors, such as measures dispensaries take to reduce crime, may increase guardianship such that it deters possible motivated offenders.
Drug Enforcement and Crime: Recent Evidence from New York State
Objective. The objective of this article is to provide evidence about the effectiveness of drug law enforcement as a tool for reducing other types of crime. Considerable resources are devoted to
...
...