The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence

@article{Druckman2001TheIO,
  title={The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence},
  author={James N. Druckman},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  year={2001},
  volume={23},
  pages={225-256}
}
  • J. Druckman
  • Published 1 September 2001
  • Psychology
  • Political Behavior
Social scientists have documented framing effects in a wide range of contexts, including surveys, experiments, and actual political campaigns. Many view work on framing effects as evidence of citizen incompetence—that is, evidence that citizens base their preferences on arbitrary information and/or are subject to extensive elite manipulation. Yet, we continue to lack a consensus on what a framing effect is as well as an understanding of how and when framing effects occur. In this article, I… 

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References

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Framing is the process by which a communication source constructs and defines a social or political issue for its audience. While many observers of political communication and the mass media have

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A framing effect occurs when different, but logically equivalent, words or phrases (e.g., 10% employment of 90% unemployment) cause individuals to alter their decisions. Demonstrations of framing

On the Limits of Framing Effects: Who Can Frame?

Public opinion often depends on which frames elites choose to use. For example, citizens' opinions about a Ku Klux Klan rally may depend on whether elites frame it as a free speech issue or a public

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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