The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence

  title={The Implications of Framing Effects for Citizen Competence},
  author={James N. Druckman},
  journal={Political Behavior},
  • J. Druckman
  • Published 1 September 2001
  • Psychology
  • Political Behavior
Social scientists have documented framing effects in a wide range of contexts, including surveys, experiments, and actual political campaigns. Many view work on framing effects as evidence of citizen incompetence—that is, evidence that citizens base their preferences on arbitrary information and/or are subject to extensive elite manipulation. Yet, we continue to lack a consensus on what a framing effect is as well as an understanding of how and when framing effects occur. In this article, I… 

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    Organizational behavior and human decision processes
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