The Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Ecosystems and Reliant Human Communities

  title={The Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Ecosystems and Reliant Human Communities},
  author={Scott C. Doney and D. Shallin Busch and Sarah R. Cooley and Kristy J. Kroeker},
  journal={Annual Review of Environment and Resources},
Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels, from fossil fuel combustion and deforestation, along with agriculture and land-use practices are causing wholesale increases in seawater CO2and inorganic carbon levels; reductions in pH; and alterations in acid-base chemistry of estuarine, coastal, and surface open-ocean waters. On the basis of laboratory experiments and field studies of naturally elevated CO2marine environments, widespread biological impacts of human-driven ocean acidification… 

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