The Impact of Tellurium Supply on Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaics

  title={The Impact of Tellurium Supply on Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaics},
  author={K. Zweibel},
  pages={699 - 701}
  • K. Zweibel
  • Published 2010
  • Materials Science, Medicine
  • Science
Better optical designs and enhanced recovery of tellurium may boost the potential for large-scale energy production from thin-film cadmium telluride solar cells. For decades, the material associated with photovoltaic (PV) cells has been silicon. However, after many years of development, cadmium telluride (CdTe) PV modules have become the lowest-cost producer of solar electricity, despite working at lower efficiency than crystalline silicon cells. CdTe sales are growing rapidly, but there is… Expand
Future recycling flows of tellurium from cadmium telluride photovoltaic waste
Abstract According to the European Photovoltaic Industry Association, photovoltaic energy has the potential to contribute up to 13% to the global electricity supply by 2040. A part of thisExpand
Perspectives on the pathways for cadmium telluride photovoltaic module manufacturers to address expected increases in the price for tellurium
Abstract Since the days of the technology's conception, concerns have been voiced over potential supply constraints of Tellurium that could limit the large-scale deployment of the Cadmium TellurideExpand
Global anthropogenic tellurium cycles for 1940–2010
Abstract Tellurium is increasingly used in solar photovoltaics in the form of cadmium–telluride (CdTe) thin films. There are concerns regarding whether tellurium availability could be a constraint onExpand
A low-cost non-toxic post-growth activation step for CdTe solar cells
It is demonstrated that solar cells prepared using MgCl2, which is non-toxic and costs less than a cent per gram, have efficiencies identical to those of a CdCl2-processed control group. Expand
Supply-Chain Dynamics of Tellurium, Indium, and Gallium Within the Context of PV Manufacturing Costs
If humankind is to implement more sustainable energy choices, it will be crucial for energy systems such as photovoltaics (PV) to demonstrate success both soon and over the long-term quest. To thatExpand
Rare materials for photovoltaics: Recent tellurium price fluctuations and availability from copper refining
Abstract Of the materials of current research interest in thin-film photovoltaics, Ru and Te are amongst the nine rarest elements in the earth's crust, with In and Se in positions 11 and 14, raisingExpand
Sustainability evaluation of CdTe PV: An update
Abstract Cadmium Telluride thin-film photovoltaics (CdTe PV) have succeeded in producing electricity at grid-parity costs in sunny regions, with particular application in large solar facilities,Expand
Supply-chain dynamics of tellurium, indium and gallium within the context of PV module manufacturing costs
Given the need for humankind to implement more sustainable energy choices, it is crucial for energy systems such as PV to demonstrate success both soon and over the long-term quest for meaningfulExpand
Cycling critical absorber materials of CdTe- and CIGS-photovoltaics: Material efficiency along the life-cycle
Chalcogenide (CdTe) and chalcopyrite (CIGS, CIS) photovoltaic (PV) production increased on average over a 100 % per year during the last decade. The used semiconducting compounds (II-VI, I-III-VI2Expand
Recycling paths for thin-film chalcogenide photovoltaic waste – Current feasible processes
Thin film chalcogenide photovoltaic technologies (CIGS, CdTe) make use of critical and toxic materials. Therefore a sound recycling of production waste and of end-of-life PV modules is essential toExpand


Sustainability of photovoltaics: The case for thin-film solar cells
To ensure photovoltaics become a major sustainable player in a competitive power-generation market, they must provide abundant, affordable electricity, with environmental impacts drastically lowerExpand
Improved estimates for Te and Se availability from Cu anode slimes and recent price trends
The recent Si supply shortage has provided a foretaste of what might occur when a photovoltaic technology becomes materials-supply constrained. Non-silicon technologies, involving some of the leastExpand
Global occurrence of tellurium-rich ferromanganese crusts and a model for the enrichment of tellurium
Abstract Hydrogenetic ferromanganese oxyhydroxide crusts (Fe-Mn crusts) precipitate out of cold ambient ocean water onto hard-rock surfaces (seamounts, plateaus, ridges) at water depths of about 400Expand
Anomalous behavior of tellurium abundances
Abstract The cosmic abundance of Te is larger than for any element with atomic number greater than 40, but it is one of the least abundant elements in the earth's lithosphere and it is one of theExpand
  • R. Rosenfeld
  • Medicine
  • Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 2009
I am writing with a simple plea to balance the voluminous articles about treatment in your journal with a modicum of information about nature and caring effects to rekindle the perception of physicians as healers, not only treaters, who relish the gifts of nature, and foster the humanistic aspect of medicine that has thrived for millennia. Expand
References and Notes
our experimentation could eventually be used to discredit our findings, should they happen not to agree with the original observations. It seems important that all experiments in the rapidlyExpand
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Gold Ore Resources, articles/24830/gold-ore-announces-positive-tellurium- metallurgical-studies
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