The Impact of Social Media on Body Image Perceptions and Bodily Practices among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Critical Review of the Literature and Extension of Theory

  title={The Impact of Social Media on Body Image Perceptions and Bodily Practices among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Critical Review of the Literature and Extension of Theory},
  author={Eric Filice and Amanda Raffoul and Samantha B. Meyer and Elena Neiterman},
  journal={Sex Roles},
Recent evidence indicates that interactive media-based web technologies, such as social networking sites, have an appreciable effect on users’ perceptions of and attitudes toward their own bodies, as well as resultant weight and shape control behaviours. However, little research has been done to investigate whether social media differentially influence gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, who are known to be at increased risk of body image disorders compared to their heterosexual… Expand
4 Citations
The role of sexual orientation in the relationships between body perception, body weight dissatisfaction, physical comparison, and eating psychopathology in the cisgender population
Physical appearance comparison mediated the effect of sexual orientation in both BWD and perceptual distortion, and no difference emerged between women with a history of eating disorders and without, as regards the value of body weight attributed to attractiveness, health, and presence on social media. Expand
Viewpoint: Forever young-Gay men and cosmetic medical treatments
Purpose This study aims to explore innate and sociocultural forces that lead gay men to purchase invasive and non-invasive cosmetic medical treatments. Design/methodology/approach This work drawsExpand
"White, Tall, Top, Masculine, Muscular": Narratives of Intracommunity Stigma in Young Sexual Minority Men's Experience on Mobile Apps.
  • Phillip L Hammack, Brock Grecco, Bianca D M Wilson, Ilan H Meyer
  • Medicine
  • Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2021
What forms of intracommunity stigma do young sexual minority men narrate as they participate in communities through mobile apps? In a content analysis of 32 interviews with a racially diverse sampleExpand


Relations among media influence, body image, eating concerns, and sexual orientation in men: A preliminary investigation.
It is suggested that gay men's increased vulnerability to media influence partially accounts for the relatively high rate of eating pathology observed in this population. Expand
Social Media Effects on Young Women’s Body Image Concerns: Theoretical Perspectives and an Agenda for Research
Although there is a voluminous literature on mass media effects on body image concerns of young adult women in the U.S., there has been relatively little theoretically-driven research on processesExpand
Can appearance conversations explain differences between gay and heterosexual men's body dissatisfaction?
Men’s body dissatisfaction is prevalent and a serious health concern as it is associated with negative outcomes including depression, disordered eating and anabolic steroid abuse. Gay men areExpand
The role of ethnicity and culture in body image and disordered eating among males.
Evidence suggests that males from a range of cultural groups engage in more extreme body change strategies and binge eating than Whites and Mediating and/or moderating variables are proposed to account for the inconsistent findings. Expand
Body image concerns of gay men: the roles of minority stress and conformity to masculine norms.
The utility of the minority stress model, how traditional masculinity may contribute to gender-related presenting concerns, suggestions for developing and evaluating remedial and preventive interventions, limitations, and future research issues are discussed. Expand
A systematic review of the impact of the use of social networking sites on body image and disordered eating outcomes.
It was concluded that, although there is a good deal of correlational research supporting the maladaptive effect of SNS use on body image and disordered eating, more longitudinal and experimental studies are needed. Expand
Sexual orientation and gender as factors in socioculturally acquired vulnerability to body dissatisfaction and eating disorders.
  • M. Siever
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
The hypothesis that gay men and heterosexual women are dissatisfied with their bodies and vulnerable to eating disorders because of a shared emphasis on physical attractiveness and thinness that is based on a desire to attract and please men is confirmed. Expand
Body image, eating behaviors, and attitudes toward exercise among gay and straight men.
Comparisons between gay and heterosexual men using the Male Eating Behavior and Body Image Evaluation (MEBBIE), an instrument designed to assess attitudes and behaviors related to eating, exercise and body image specifically in men, indicated that gay men diet more, are more fearful of becoming fat, and are more dissatisfied with their bodies in general as well as with their degree of muscularity. Expand
The Influence of Physical Body Traits and Masculinity on Anal Sex Roles in Gay and Bisexual Men
It is suggested that the correlates of gay men’s sexual self-labels may depend on objective traits in addition to the subjective pleasure associated with receptive or insertive anal intercourse. Expand
Body image and eating disorder symptoms in sexual minority men: A test and extension of objectification theory.
Recalled childhood harassment for gender nonconformity was linked with eating disorder symptoms through a positive series of relations involving internalization of cultural standards of attractiveness, body surveillance, and body shame. Expand