The Impact of Smoking on Urologic Outcomes

  title={The Impact of Smoking on Urologic Outcomes},
  author={Tom Feng and Devin N Patel and Dhruv Khullar and Mark Vogel and John Maa},
Purpose: Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the US and worldwide. The surgical literature demonstrates that active tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for perioperative morbidity and complications, and that preoperative smoking cessation is effective in reducing these associated risks. However, few studies have examined the dual effects of smoking on the etiology and treatment of urologic conditions, and perioperative complications following… Expand


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