The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

@article{Dunlevy1999TheIO,
  title={The Impact of Immigration on American Import Trade in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries},
  author={James A. Dunlevy and William. K. Hutchinson},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  year={1999},
  volume={59},
  pages={1043 - 1062}
}
Studies of the contemporary period for the United States and for Canada have established that the presence of an immigrant population is associated with an increase in trade between the immigrants' host and origin countries. We wish to discover if such a protrade phenomenon was systematically associated with the massive inflow of immigrants to the United States during the 40 years preceding World War I. Applying a gravity model to U.S. imports of 78 commodities from 17 countries at five-year… 

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