The Impact of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Vascular Function: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

@article{Ramos2015TheIO,
  title={The Impact of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Vascular Function: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis},
  author={Joyce S Ramos and Lance C Dalleck and Arnt Erik Tj{\o}nna and Kassia S. Beetham and Jeff S. Coombes},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={45},
  pages={679-692}
}
BackgroundVascular dysfunction is a precursor to the atherosclerotic cascade, significantly increasing susceptibility to cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Previous studies have revealed a strong relationship between vascular function and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Thus, since high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a potent method of improving CRF, several small randomized trials have investigated the impact on vascular function of HIIT relative to moderate… Expand
Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Hypertensive Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
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The effect of high Intensity interval training versus moderate intensity continuous training on arterial stiffness and 24h blood pressure responses: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
HIIT leads to a superior reduction in night-time diastolic BP compared to MICT, and a near-significant greater reduction in daytime BP was found with HIIT compared to NICE, while no significant difference was observed for changes to central arterial stiffness between HIIT and MICT. Expand
High-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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High-intensity interval training may improve peak oxygen uptake and should be considered as a component of care of coronary artery disease patients, however, this superiority disappeared when isocaloric protocol is compared. Expand
High Intensity Interval versus Moderate Intensity Continuous Training in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-analysis of Physiological and Clinical Parameters.
TLDR
High intensity interval training improves the mean VO2peak in patients with CAD more than MCT, although MCT was associated with a more pronounced numerical decline in patients' resting heart rate and body weight. Expand
Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Hypertensive Patients: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
HIIT and MICT promote reduction in SBP in adults with hypertension, and HIIT showed a greater magnitude in DBP reduction, and for hypertensive patients, HIIT may be associated with a greater improvement in VO 2 max than MICT might. Expand
Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training On Blood Pressure in Adults with Pre- to Established Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials
TLDR
HIIT and MICT provided comparable reductions in resting BP in adults with pre- to established hypertension and HIIT was associated with greater improvements in V˙O2max when compared to MICT. Expand
Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training On Blood Pressure in Adults with Preto Established Hypertension : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials
Background Aerobic exercise reduces blood pressure (BP), but it is unknown whether a high-intensity training approach can elicit a greater BP reduction in populations with elevated BP. ThisExpand
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TLDR
Low-volume HIIT appears to be a time-efficient treatment for increasing fitness, but not for the improvement of body composition, and while most studies tended to favour improvement in lean body mass with low-volumeHIIT versus MICT, this was not significant. Expand
The Impact of High-Intensity Interval Training Versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Ankle-Brachial Index in Middle-Aged Women
TLDR
Twelve weeks of exercise training, especially in high-intensity interval training, have led to improving lipid profiles and endothelial function, it can be said that regular and prolonged exercise can probably be a preventive factor in cardiovascular disease in overweight women. Expand
Effects of High Intensity Interval Exercise on Cerebrovascular Function: A Systematic Review
TLDR
Future research is critically needed to better understand the effects of HIIE on cerebrovascular function in healthy individuals and individuals with chronic conditions and it is recommended studies assess MCAv, dCA, and CO2 reactivity during and post HIIe. Expand
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