The Impact of Forest Disturbance on the Seasonal Foraging Ecology of a Critically Endangered African Primate

@article{Bracebridge2012TheIO,
  title={The Impact of Forest Disturbance on the Seasonal Foraging Ecology of a Critically Endangered African Primate},
  author={Claire E. Bracebridge and T. Davenport and S. Marsden},
  journal={Biotropica},
  year={2012},
  volume={44},
  pages={560-568}
}
Forest loss and fragmentation threaten many primates globally, and often leads to a reduction in food resources. During a 22-mo period, the foraging ecology of the critically endangered kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji was studied in the heterogeneous Rungwe–Livingstone forests, southwest Tanzania, to identify periods of possible ecological stress, fallback foods used by the species, and the impact of forest disturbance on feeding resources. The studied group had a wide diet and was predominantly… Expand
Evaluating the Habitat of the Critically Endangered Kipunji Monkey
TLDR
Habitat quality in Vikongwa was high compared to other regional and African forests, in that tree stem density, basal area, species richness and availability of kipunji dietary species were all comparatively high, however, the nearby Sanje forest, where the kip unji is absent, had comparable habitat to Vikongwas. Expand
Influence of Fruit Availability on Fruit Consumption in a Generalist Primate, the Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta
TLDR
It is suggested that afforestation programs involving preferred fruit species at the agricultural land–forest interface would prevent forest groups of rhesus macaques from gravitating toward human habitations and reduce conflict over anthropogenic resources. Expand
Fruit biomass availability along a forest cover gradient
TLDR
Evaluating how landscape-scale forest cover influences fruit biomass comparing different tree functional groups indicated that forest cover was the main explanatory variable and negatively influenced the total richness and abundance of zoochoric and shade-tolerant but not shade-intolerant species. Expand
Modeling Primate Abundance in Complex Landscapes: A Case Study From the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania
With persistent degradation of tropical forests creating fragmented landscapes, the study of patterns of primate responses to habitat changes is of increasing conservation relevance. We modeledExpand
Is There a Role for Human-Dominated Landscapes in the Long-Term Conservation Management of the Critically Endangered Kipunji (Rungwecebus kipunji)?
As forest loss and degradation continues, the human-dominated landscape outside protected areas should become increasingly relevant to primate conservation. Here we consider the Tanzanian endemicExpand
Differential effects of unusual climatic stress on capuchin (Cebus capucinus) and howler monkey (Alouatta palliata) populations on Barro Colorado Island, Panama
TLDR
Comparison of 2010 data with similar data on earlier primate/mammalian mortality events reported for BCI and for Corcovado, Costa Rica indicates that the understanding of the effects of natural disturbances on wild primate populations is not profound. Expand
Reliability of macaques as seed dispersers
TLDR
It is posited that it is essential to maintain viable populations of macaques across their range and keep human interventions at a minimum to ensure that they continue to reliably disperse the seeds of a broad range of plant species in the Anthropocene. Expand
Effective spatial scales for evaluating environmental determinants of population density in Yakushima macaques
TLDR
This study demonstrated the importance of the simultaneous evaluation of all possible factors of wildlife population density at the appropriate spatial scale. Expand
The Hand That Feeds the Monkey: Mutual Influence of Humans and Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) in the Context of Provisioning
TLDR
It is found that provisioning influences macaque feeding ecology and habitat use, and that the behavior of the macaques themselves drives people to provide them with food subsidies, illustrating a complex web of interactions between the sympatric species. Expand
Locating chimpanzee nests and identifying fruiting trees with an unmanned aerial vehicle
TLDR
UAVs have great potential as a rapid assessment tool for detecting chimpanzee presence in forest with open canopy and assessing fruit tree availability, and UAVs may have limited applicability for nest detection in closed canopy forest. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Seasonal Variations in the Diet and Feeding Effort of Two Groups of Howlers in Different Sized Forest Fragments
TLDR
It is suggested that habitat characteristics interact with plant seasonality to determine the diet and feeding effort of howlers in forest fragments and that groups living in small and degraded forest fragments may be particularly vulnerable to years of low fruit production. Expand
The Long-term Impact of Timber Harvesting on the Resource Base of Chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda
Commercial timber harvesting results in the loss of critical habitat for tropical forest fauna, and large-bodied frugivores (including chimpanzees and most other apes) may experience particularlyExpand
The primate community of the Lopé reserve, Gabon: Diets, responses to fruit scarcity, and effects on biomass
TLDR
The most likely explanation of low primate biomass is the occurrence of an ecological “catastrophe” in the fairly recent past from which populations have not yet recovered. Expand
Differences in Diet Between Spider Monkey Groups Living in Forest Fragments and Continuous Forest in Mexico
TLDR
It is suggested that monkeys are able to adjust their diet to food availability in fragments, and thus persist in small- and medium-sized fragments, although it is unlikely that the small size of two of the three study fragments can maintain viable populations of monkeys in the long term. Expand
Seasonal variation in the feeding ecology of the grey‐cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena) in Cameroon
TLDR
Examining the response of a largely frugivorous monkey, the grey‐cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena), to seasonal variations in fruit abundance in Cameroon found that L. al bigena differ across regions in the number of plant species they consume and time spent feeding. Expand
The diet of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda
Chimpanzee diets are highly variable, but in all cases dominated by ripe fruit. Previous work has suggested that in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda, ripe fruit remains available throughout theExpand
Responses of rain-forest primates to habitat disturbance: A review
TLDR
Correlation analyses reveal that body size alone is a poor predictor of primate response to moderate forest disturbance, but when the effects of diet variables are held constant, body size more strongly correlates with survival ability (smaller species surviving better). Expand
Flexibility in Diet and Activity Patterns of Macaca tonkeana in Response to Anthropogenic Habitat Alteration
  • E. Riley
  • Biology
  • International Journal of Primatology
  • 2006
TLDR
The diet and activity of 2 groups of Sulawesi Tonkean macaques, occupying habitats with different levels of alteration, were quantified via scan sampling, substantiating the characterization of the group’s habitat as higher quality. Expand
Fragmented living: Behavioural ecology of primates in a forest fragment in the Lopé Reserve, Gabon
TLDR
Compared to conspecific groups in neighbouring continuous forest, primates in the fragment ate less fruit, seeds and flowers and more insects and leaves, and it is possible that the overall negative impact of inter-specific feeding competition was lower in fragments than in continuous forest and that micro-habitat differences resulted in an increased availability of palatable insect and leaf fallback foods in the fragments. Expand
Can we extend the area of occupancy of the kipunji, a critically endangered African primate?
The recently discovered and critically endangered kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji is known from just two sites in southern Tanzania, with the bulk of its tiny population surviving as patchily distributedExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...