The Impact of Adequate Prenatal Care in a Developing Country: testing the WHO recommendations

  title={The Impact of Adequate Prenatal Care in a Developing Country: testing the WHO recommendations},
  author={Gissele Gajate Garrido},
  journal={California Center for Population Research},
Deficient birth outcomes entail greater mortality risks, and higher probabilities of poor future health. This study is the first statistical examination of the effect of the World Health Organization’s recommended number of prenatal care visits for developing countries on birth outcomes. This study accounts for the endogenous nature of prenatal care decisions by using an instrumental variables approach based on the accessibility of prenatal services. Using the CLHN Survey I construct a measure… 
Essays on health determinants in Kenya
The results imply that policies that promoting adequate use of prenatal care services, those that promote adequate spacing of births, and those that discourage smoking should be pursued so as to improve the health of the Kenyan people.
The effect of antenatal care follow-up on neonatal health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The present systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that antenatal care visits were significantly associated with lower rates of neonatal death and visiting antenatal Care clinics during pregnancy is strongly recommended especially in resource-limited settings like countries of sub-Saharan Africa.
Late antenatal care initiation: the case of public health centers in Ethiopia
It is illustrated that large number of pregnant women still late for first antenatal care visit should be encouraged in all aspects of maternal care.
Effectiveness of antenatal care services in reducing neonatal mortality in Kenya: analysis of national survey data
Lack of check-ups for pregnancy complications, unskilled ANC provision and lack of tetanus injection were associated with neonatal mortality in Kenya and integrating community ANC outreach programmes in the national policy strategy and training geared towards early detection of complications can have positive implications for neonatal survival.
A cross-sectional study of the association between prenatal consultation and low birth weight in Barangay Doña Imelda, Quezon City
The results show the importance of having prenatal consultation to prevent the occurrence of delivery of a low birth weight infant and the researchers recommend that the causality of the relationship be identified.
Associations of Household Wealth and Individual Literacy with Prenatal Care in Ten West African Countries
Examining associations of household wealth and individual literacy with prenatal care in West Africa found that Illiteracy and poverty are important risk factors for having little or no prenatal care.
Antenatal Care Utilization in Debre Tabor, North West Ethiopia
The main predictors of ANC utilization were educational status of mothers, plan of pregnancy, decision-making power of mother on ANC utilization, prior experience of abortion and stillbirth, and monthly income.
Factors affecting satisfaction on antenatal care services in Sarawak, Malaysia: evidence from a cross sectional study
ethnicity, level of education and out of pocket expenses appeared to be important predictors of satisfaction with antenatal care and the finding recommends the community-based and language-specific interventions should be implemented to sustain the satisfaction of maternal care.
Exclusive breastfeeding practice in Ethiopia and its association with antenatal care and institutional delivery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia was significantly lower than the global recommendations and there was evidence that mothers who attended antenatal visits and who gave birth at health institutions had better EBF practices.
Status of Maternal Nutrition in South and North Korea
To produce the South Korean women’s data comparable to those of North Korean women, the data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey were analyzed and the data presented in the 2010 Report of the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards were utilized.


Selection Bias in Prenatal Care Utilization: An Interdisciplinary Framework and Review of the Literature
A typology of selection processes in prenatal care utilization is developed, identifying four distinct types of selection and their possible biasing effects on estimates of prenatal care efficacy.
Prenatal care in developing counties: the World Health Organization technical working group on antenatal care.
  • C. Berg
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of the American Medical Women's Association
  • 1995
The need for prenatal care to be tailored to each woman's circumstances and the importance of developing a delivery plan appropriate to the woman's situation are highlighted.
Birth outcomes and the effectiveness of prenatal care.
  • G. G. Liu
  • Medicine
    Health services research
  • 1998
The self-selection effect in the resolution of pregnancies is race-specific, being significant for African American women and the overall effectiveness of prenatal care, in particular, tends to be significantly biased downward without controlling for selection effects.
The role of prenatal care in preventing low birth weight.
The ultimate success of prenatal care in substantially reducing current low birth weight percentages in the United States may hinge on the development of a much broader and more unified conception of prenatal Care than currently prevails.
The effect of prenatal care on birthweight: a full-information maximum likelihood approach.
The effect of mothers with less healthy fetuses making more prenatal care visits, known as 'adverse selection' in prenatal care, is shown.
Birthweight Productivity of Prenatal Care
Prenatal care appears to be but a modest tool in reducing the incidence of low birthweight due to retarded fetal growth, and maternal anthropometrics were found to greatly increase the rate of fetal growth for all mothers, though more so for white than black mothers.
The Costs of Low Birth Weight
This work compares the hospital costs, health at birth, and infant mortality rates between heavier and lighter infants from all twin pairs born in the United States and examines the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on health among singleton births.