The Immelmann Turn, a Pursuit Maneuver Used by Hovering Male Hybomitra hinei wrighti (Diptera: Tabanidae)

@article{Wilkerson1984TheIT,
  title={The Immelmann Turn, a Pursuit Maneuver Used by Hovering Male Hybomitra hinei wrighti (Diptera: Tabanidae)},
  author={Richard C. Wilkerson and Jerry F. Butler},
  journal={Annals of The Entomological Society of America},
  year={1984},
  volume={77},
  pages={293-295}
}
Male Hybomitra hinei wrighti hovered over sand roads in Florida, presumably waiting for passing females. Slow-motion cinematography revealed that, when presented with a small, fast-moving object, the flies changed directions to chase the object, using a half loop and roll. This is quite similar to an aerobatic maneuver known as the Immelmann turn. 

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